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PURPOSE To determine whether functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can demonstrate a specific pattern of cerebral activation during cognitive stimulation by using a high-level cognitive task such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one healthy volunteers underwent functional MR imaging with a 1.5-T MR imager with a(More)
The Continuous Performance Test (CPT) has become an essential constituent of the neuropsychological investigation of schizophrenia. Also, a vast number of brain imaging studies, mostly PET investigations, have employed the CPT as a cognitive challenge and established a relative hypofrontality in schizophrenics compared to controls. The aim of the present(More)
Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) has gained much interest in schizophrenia research in recent years since it allows the non-invasive measurement of high-energy phosphates and phospholipids in vivo. However, until now only differences in metabolite concentrations between certain brain areas of schizophrenic patients and healthy(More)
The present study addresses phonological processing in children with developmental dyslexia. Following the hypothesis of a core deficit of assembled phonology in dyslexia a set of hierarchically structured tasks was applied that specifically control for different kinds of phonological coding (assembled versus addressed phonological strategies). Seventeen(More)
Most research with 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in affective disorders has been done in the field of bipolar disturbances. Reduced frontal and temporal lobe phosphomonoester (PME) concentrations were measured in the euthymic state, whereas increased values were found in the depressed state. In bipolar-II patients reduced phosphocreatine(More)
It has been demonstrated by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) that frontal brain regions are stimulated during performance of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The WCST is also regarded as one of the standard tests for the assessment of frontal activity in brain imaging studies of schizophrenia.(More)
Biological research about dyslexia has been conducted using various neuroimaging methods like functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) or Electroencephalography (EEG). Since language functions are characterized by both distributed network activities and speed of processing within milliseconds, high temporal as well as high spatial resolution of(More)
In the present investigation on 31P-magneto-resonance spectroscopic parameters in the frontal lobe, we found phosphocreatine levels and the ratio phosphocreatine/adenosine triphosphate to be increased (12.62 +/- 1.98% resp. 0.31 +/- 0.06) in 50 neuroleptic-treated schizophrenics, whereas no differences were detected in 10 neuroleptic-free patients (11.66(More)
We performed both a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study using single slice FLASH technique and an investigation with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in a 21-year-old patient. He had suffered a left upper extremity amputation at age 7. Anteflexion of the amputation stump produced an unusual, broad activation contralateral to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure inorganic phosphate (Pi), phosphocreatine (PCr), ATP and phosphodiesters (PDE) in fibromyalgic muscle tissue by (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. METHODS A 1.5 Tesla scanner with a P 100 surface coil was used to examine 15 patients (mean age 49.9+/-14.3 yr) with fibromyalgia, according to the American College of Rheumatology(More)