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The pattern of blood flow in the developing heart has long been proposed to play a significant role in cardiac morphogenesis. In response to flow-induced forces, cultured cardiac endothelial cells rearrange their cytoskeletal structure and change their gene expression profiles. To link such in vitro data to the intact heart, we performed quantitative in(More)
Ectopic expression by injection of plasmid DNA is rarely used in zebrafish embryos due to a low frequency of cells expressing a transgene of interest at detectable levels. Furthermore, the mosaic nature of ectopic expression by plasmid injection requires the direct detection of transgene-expressing cells. We have used the transcriptional activator Gal4-VP16(More)
Combinatorial genetics for conditional transgene activation allows studying gene function with temporal and tissue specific control like the Gal4-UAS system, which has enabled sophisticated genetic studies in Drosophila. Recently this system was adapted for zebrafish and promising applications have been introduced. Here, we report a systematic optimization(More)
The upper rhombic lip (URL), a germinal zone in the dorsoanterior hindbrain, has long been known to be a source for neurons of the vertebrate cerebellum. It was thought to give rise to dorsally migrating granule cell precursors (Figure 1e); however, recent fate mapping studies have questioned the exclusive contributions of the URL to granule cells. By(More)
During vertebrate development, many neurons depend for survival and differentiation on their target cells. The best documented mediator of such a retrograde trophic action is the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF and the other known members of the neurotrophin family, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and(More)
The induction of sensory organ placodes, in particular the lens placode, represents the paradigm for induction. We show that medaka Sox3 is expressed in the neuroectoderm and in the placodes of all sensory organs prior to placode formation and subsequently in placode-derived tissues. Ectopic Sox3 expression leads to ectopic expression of Pax6 and Eya1 in(More)
Reporter-based assays underlie many high-throughput screening (HTS) platforms, but most are limited to in vitro applications. Here, we report a simple whole-organism HTS method for quantifying changes in reporter intensity in individual zebrafish over time termed, Automated Reporter Quantification in vivo (ARQiv). ARQiv differs from current "high-content"(More)
The position of the centrosome ahead of the nucleus has been considered crucial for coordinating neuronal migration in most developmental situations. The proximity of the centrosome has also been correlated with the site of axonogenesis in certain differentiating neurons. Despite these positive correlations, accumulating experimental findings appear to(More)
The upper rhombic lip (URL) of the developing mammalian cerebellum produces different neuronal cell types in a temporal sequence. The first neuronal populations arising from this proliferation zone include the progenitors of the parabrachial, parabigeminal, and laterodorsal-pedunculopontine tegmental hindbrain nuclei. By means of expression analysis,(More)
There has been accumulating evidence for a regionalized organization of the cerebellum, which was mostly deduced from anatomical mapping of axonal projections of cerebellar afferents. A likewise regionalization of the cerebellar output has been suggested from lesion studies and dye-tracer experiments, but its physiological targets as well as the functional(More)