Reinhard Sterner

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Dr0930, a member of the amidohydrolase superfamily in Deinococcus radiodurans, was cloned, expressed, and purified to homogeneity. The enzyme crystallized in the space group P3121, and the structure was determined to a resolution of 2.1 A. The protein folds as a (beta/alpha)7beta-barrel, and a binuclear metal center is found at the C-terminal end of the(More)
The evolution of the prototypical (beta alpha)(8)-barrel protein imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase (HisF) was studied by complementary computational and experimental approaches. The 4-fold symmetry of HisF suggested that its constituting (beta alpha)(2) quarter-barrels have a common evolutionary origin. This conclusion was supported by the computational(More)
lationship), superfamilies (probable common evolutionary origin) and folds (Murzin et al., 1995). Proteins are defined to have a common fold if they have the same major secondary structures in the same spatial arrangement and the same topological connections. SCOP currently distinguishes between several hundred different folds. The (βα)8(or TIM-)barrel is a(More)
Tryptophan synthase catalyzes the last two steps in the biosynthesis of the amino acid tryptophan. The enzyme is an complex in mesophilic microorganisms. The -subunit (TrpA) catalyzes the cleavage of indoleglycerol phosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and indole, which is channeled to the active site of the associated -subunit (TrpB1), where it reacts(More)
The thermoalkaliphilic anaerobic bacterium Anaerobranca gottschalkii produces an extracellular CGTase when grown on starch at 55°C and pH 9.0. The gene encoding this CGTase was cloned and successfully expressed in Escherichia coli. It encodes a protein consisting of 721 amino acids with a signal sequence of 34 amino acids. On SDS–polyacrylamide gels, the(More)
The atomic structures of two proteins in the histidine biosynthesis pathway consist of beta/alpha barrels with a twofold repeat pattern. It is likely that these proteins evolved by twofold gene duplication and gene fusion from a common half-barrel ancestor. These ancestral domains are not visible as independent domains in the extant proteins but can be(More)
Since reactive ammonia is not available under physiological conditions, glutamine is used as a source for the incorporation of nitrogen in a number of metabolic pathway intermediates. The heterodimeric ImGP synthase that links histidine and purine biosynthesis belongs to the family of glutamine amidotransferases in which the glutaminase activity is coupled(More)
Continuous oxygen binding curves for two arthropodan hemocyanins were performed at different pH values ranging from 7.0 to 8.7 and in the presence of physiological concentrations of the bivalent ions Ca2+ and Mg2+. The arthropods Eurypelma californicum and Homarus americanus are classified as chelicerata and crustaceans, respectively. Their structurally(More)
The prototypical tryptophan synthase is a stable heterotetrameric alpha-betabeta-alpha complex. The constituting TrpA and TrpB1 subunits, which are encoded by neighboring genes in the trp operon, activate each other in a bi-directional manner. Recently, a novel class of TrpB2 proteins has been identified, whose members contain additional amino acids that(More)