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Drosophila proved an excellent system to study molecular processes in establishing the body pattern of an embryo. Genes which are active during oogenesis provide localized cues which regulate a cascade of zygotic genes that determines the developmental fate of the blastoderm cells along the longitudinal axis of the embryo.
We report that the region-specific homeotic gene spalt affects the Drosophila tracheal system at two different stages of embryonic development. Both lack-of-function and gain-of-function experiments show that blastodermal spalt activity restricts tracheal development to 10 bilaterally positioned pairs of tracheal placodes in the trunk region by repressing(More)
The region specific homeotic gene spalt (sal) of Drosophila melanogaster promotes the specification of terminal pattern elements as opposed to segments in the trunk. Our results show that the previously reported sal transcription unit was misidentified. Based on P-element mediated germ line transformation and DNA sequence analysis of sal mutant alleles, we(More)
Cell migration during embryonic tracheal system development in Drosophila requires DPP and EGF signaling to generate the archetypal branching pattern. We show that two genes encoding the transcription factors KNIRPS and KNIRPS RELATED possess multiple and redundant functions during tracheal development. knirps/knirps related activity is necessary to mediate(More)
We have isolated an amphibian homolog of the homeotic gene spalt of Drosophila. Like its Drosophila counterpart the Xenopus Xsal-1 gene encodes a protein that contains three widely separated sets of sequence related double zinc finger motifs of the CC/HH-type as well as a single CC/HH zinc finger. The Xenopus gene encodes a fourth double zinc finger and a(More)
Vertebrate claudin proteins are integral components of tight junctions, which function as paracellular diffusion barriers in epithelia. We identified Megatrachea (Mega), a Drosophila transmembrane protein homologous to claudins, and show that it acts in septate junctions, the corresponding structure of invertebrates. Our analysis revealed that Mega has(More)
We report that DPP signaling is required for directed tracheal cell migration during Drosophila embryogenesis. The failure of tracheal cells to receive the DPP signal from adjacent dorsal and ventral cells results in the absence of dorsal and ventral migrations. Ectopic DPP signaling can reprogram cells in the center of the placode to adopt a dorsoventral(More)
Localized expression of the homeotic gene Antennapedia (Antp) in Drosophila melanogaster is required for normal development of the thoracic segments. When the Antp gene is expressed ectopically in the larval primordium of the antenna, the antennal imaginal disc, the developmental fate of the disc is switched and the adult antenna is transformed to a(More)
The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family member Decapentaplegic (Dpp) is a key regulator of patterning and growth in Drosophila development. Previous studies have identified a short DNA motif called the silencer element (SE), which recruits a trimeric Smad complex and the repressor Schnurri to downregulate target enhancers upon Dpp signaling.(More)
Krüppel (Kr), a segmentation gene of Drosophila, encodes a protein sharing structural features of the DNA-binding "finger motif" of TFIIIA, a Xenopus transcription factor. Low-stringency hybridization of the Kr finger coding sequence revealed multiple copies of homologous DNA sequences in the genomes of Drosophila and other eukaryotes. Molecular analysis of(More)