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Non-invasive in vivo detection of cortical neurotransmitter concentrations and their changes in the presence of pain may help to better understand the biochemical principles of pain processing in the brain. In the present study acute heat pain related changes of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate were investigated in the anterior insular cortex of(More)
Difficulties in phonological processing are currently considered one of the major causes for dyslexia. Nine dyslexic children and eight control children were investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during non-oral reading of German words. All subjects silently read words and pronounceable non-words in an event related potentials(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate how focal cortical inhibition affects the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal. Phasic low force pinch grip reduces excitability of the ipsilateral primary motor cortex. This task was used to study BOLD signal changes during inhibition. Six right-handed normal volunteers participated(More)
Reliable detection of metabolic changes in the brain in vivo induced by chronic low back pain may provide improved understanding of neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the manifestation of chronic pain. In the present study, absolute concentrations of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), creatine (Cr), total choline (tCho), myo-inositol (mI), glutamate (Glu) and(More)
Exercise-induced changes of transverse proton relaxation time (T2 ), tissue perfusion and metabolic turnover were investigated in the lower back muscles of volunteers by applying muscle functional MRI (mfMRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) before and after as well as dynamic (31) P-MRS during the exercise. Inner (M. multifidus, MF) and outer lower(More)
Structural deficits in the superior temporal cortex and transverse temporal gyri appear to be related to auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia, which are a key symptom of this disorder. However, the cellular and neurochemical underpinnings are poorly understood and hardly studied in vivo. We used 31P-MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) with chemical(More)
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