Reinhard L. Lorenz

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In a prospective study from 1988 to 1990, 132 patients with suspected pancreatic tumor were examined with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), transabdominal ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and ERCP. The final diagnosis of 102 pancreatic tumors of different origin (76 malignant and 26 inflammatory tumors) and the exclusion of a pancreatic tumor in 30(More)
Prevention of aortocoronary bypass occlusion by aspirin (ASA, 1 X 100 mg per day) was studied in a prospective double-blind trial of 83 patients. 60 (72%) were randomly allocated to ASA or placebo starting 24 h after operation. 90% of grafts in the ASA group and 68% in the placebo group were patent at four months. At least one anastomosis was occluded in(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), a key cytokine for control of cell growth, extracellular matrix formation, and inflammation control, is secreted by many cells present in the arteriosclerotic plaque. Lipid accumulation in the vessel wall is regarded as an early step in atherogenesis and depends on uptake of modified low-density lipoprotein(More)
Thromboxane released from activated platelets and prostacyclin of the vessel wall may act as potent antagonistic modulators of platelet aggregability and coronary vascular tone. Therefore, urinary excretion of their major metabolites, 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and 2,3-dinor-6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha, was studied in 16 patients presenting with prolonged(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS After an initial period of excellent results with newly introduced imaging procedures, the accuracy of most imaging methods declines in later publications. This effect may be due to various methodological factors involved in the research. Using the example of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), this study aimed to elucidate one of the factors(More)
BACKGROUND It has been claimed in several prospective studies that endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is highly accurate in the locoregional staging of pancreatic cancer. However, the value of the EUS criteria for the diagnosis of vascular involvement is less well established. To totally exclude potential bias introduced by the availability of prior(More)
Niacin, the first lipid lowering drug shown to improve survival after myocardial infarction, decreases LDL and increases HDL cholesterol levels. These effects cannot fully be explained by its suspected mechanism of action, inhibition of lipolysis and hepatic VLDL synthesis. Niacin has also been shown to interfere with the cyclic AMP (cAMP)/protein kinase A(More)
Psychiatric disorders or drug addiction are often regarded as contraindications against the use of interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Our aim was to obtain prospective data on adherence to as well as efficacy and mental side effects of treatment with IFN-alpha in different psychiatric risk groups compared with controls. In a(More)
Epidemiologic and experimental data suggest an antiatherothrombotic potential of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Therefore, the Western diet, which supplies predominantly omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, was supplemented with 40 ml/day of cod liver oil, which provides about 10 g of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids daily, for 25 days in eight(More)
In the HD15 trial of the German Hodgkin Study Group, the negative predictive value (NPV) of positron emission tomography (PET) using [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose in advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) was evaluated. A total of 817 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive BEACOPP-based chemotherapy. After completion of chemotherapy, residual(More)