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CLP1 was the first mammalian RNA kinase to be identified. However, determining its in vivo function has been elusive. Here we generated kinase-dead Clp1 (Clp1(K/K)) mice that show a progressive loss of spinal motor neurons associated with axonal degeneration in the peripheral nerves and denervation of neuromuscular junctions, resulting in impaired motor(More)
Many chemotherapeutic agents induce mitochondrial-membrane disruption to initiate apoptosis. However, the upstream events leading to drug-induced mitochondrial perturbation have remained poorly defined. We have used a variety of physiological and pharmacological inhibitors of distinct apoptotic pathways to analyze the manner by which suberoylanilide(More)
Hypoxia is an important condition in the tumor cell microenvironment and approximately 1% to 1.5% of the genome is transcriptionally responsive to hypoxia with hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) as a major mediator of transcriptional activation. Tumor hypoxia is associated with a more aggressive phenotype of many cancers in adults, but data on pediatric(More)
We report that resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a phytoalexin found in grapes and other plant food, induced a breakdown of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (∆Ψ m) in T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and swelling of isolated rat mitochondria. The breakdown of ∆Ψ m was accompanied by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS),(More)
Cancer cell lines are used worldwide in biological research, and data interpretation depends on unambiguous attribution of the respective cell line to its original source. Short-tandem-repeat (STR) profiling (DNA fingerprinting) is the method of choice for this purpose; however, the genetic stability of cell lines under various experimental conditions is(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) induce apoptosis in lymphoid lineage cells and are therefore used in the therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and related malignancies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and the related mirtrons are ~22 nucleotide RNAs derived from polymerase-II transcripts and implicated in the control of essential biological functions, including apoptosis.(More)
In several different cell lines, Bcl-2 prevents the induction of apoptosis (DNA fragmentation, PARP cleavage, phosphatidylserine exposure) by the pro-oxidant ter-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP) but has no cytoprotective effect when apoptosis is induced by the thiol crosslinking agent diazenedicarboxylic acid his 5N,N-dimethylamide (diamide). Both t-BHP and(More)
Approximately 25% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemias carry the ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene. Despite their excellent initial treatment response, up to 20% of patients relapse. To gain insight into the relapse mechanisms, we analyzed single nucleotide polymorphism arrays for DNA copy number aberrations (CNAs) in 18 matched diagnosis and relapse leukemias.(More)
We recently reported that butyrate, an inhibitor of histone deacetylases, is capable of inducing Fas-independent apoptosis in the acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line CCRF-CEM. Here we demonstrate that butyrate enhances Fas-induced apoptosis in this cell line. The application of different histone deacetylase inhibitors revealed that tetra-acetylated(More)