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The polycystic kidney disease-1 gene, which is mutated in the majority of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, has been identified. The protein encoded by this gene, polycystin, has no homology with any gene known thus far. To gain more insight into the function of polycystin, we raised antibodies against synthetic peptides and a(More)
In multiple sclerosis relapses refractory to intravenous corticosteroid therapy, plasma exchange is recommended. Immunoadsorption (IA) is regarded as an alternative therapy, but its efficacy and putative mechanism of action still needs to be established. We prospectively treated 11 patients with multiple sclerosis who had optical neuritis and fulfilled the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Detection of autoantibodies against neuronal surface antigens and their correlation with the pattern and severity of symptoms led to the definition of new autoimmune-mediated forms of encephalitis and was essential for the initiation of immunotherapies including plasma exchange. The elimination of autoantibodies using selective(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) hyperlipoproteinemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which is not affected by treatment of other cardiovascular risk factors. This study sought to assess the effect of chronic lipoprotein apheresis (LA) on the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with progressive cardiovascular disease receiving(More)
Recent studies suggest that leukocytapheresis with Cellsorba is a valuable therapy for ulcerative colitis after failure of conventional treatment. In this study the potential of leukocytapheresis to induce remission in refractory chronic colitis under the conditions of European treatment guidelines was investigated. The therapeutic benefit of(More)
BACKGROUND Autoantibodies against the glycoproteins desmogleins 1 and 3 which are components of the desmosomal adhesion complex have been shown to be responsible for the loss of epidermal adhesion characteristic of pemphigus. Elimination of these antibodies should clinically improve the pathology of this group of severe autoimmune blistering skin disorders.(More)
BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is supposed to be advantageous compared to unfractionated heparin for chronic hemodialysis (HD) with respect to lipid and bone metabolism, polymorphonuclear cell stimulation, induction of antibody-mediated thrombocytopenia, and aldosterone suppression. Due to longer biological half-life, LMWH offers the(More)
Idiopathic sudden hearing loss (ISHL) has been suggested to precipitate as final common pathway of microcirculatory impairment of the inner ear associated with a variety of etiologies and characterized by a local hyperviscosity syndrome in cochlear vessels. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Rheopheresis, a method of therapeutic apheresis reducing(More)
BACKGROUND Cause and underlying pathogenic mechanisms of idiopathic sudden hearing loss (ISHL) are not fully understood, resulting in the widespread use of different polypragmatic treatment approaches, which have not been finally validated in randomized controlled trials. Quality of life (QoL) can provide helpful additional information when selecting the(More)
A new marker for human secretory epithelial cell types (Exo-1) has been defined by a mouse monoclonal antibody (Pa-G14). The antibody was raised against a human exocrine pancreatic tumor cell line (Capan-1) and tested against 46 cultured human cell types and 228 freshly frozen human tissue sections. It reacted specifically with 28 normal and 55 secretory(More)