Reinhard Kaune

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BBMV were prepared from duodenal segments of untreated, 1,25-(OH)2D3- or vitamin D-3-treated rachitic piglets and from non-rachitic controls by the Mg2+ precipitation method. The rachitic piglets were offspring from the 'Hannover Pig Strain' which suffer from pseudo vitamin D-deficiency rickets, type I (no renal 1-hydroxylase activity). Initial uptake of(More)
1. Na-Pi co-transport was analysed using renal cortical and small intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles which were isolated from control (normal, heterozygotes) and rachitic piglets (homozygotes). 2. A kinetic analysis of Na-dependent initial linear uptake of Pi was performed using vesicles obtained from control animals. The results suggest similar(More)
1. Active sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) fluxes were studied in vitro in Ussing-type chambers with stripped jejunal mucosa of piglets which suffered from pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets, type I. The piglets are devoid of renal calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3) production and have only small amounts of calbindin in their jejunal enterocytes. 2. In(More)
1. Renal excretion of phosphate in the Prussian carp was modulated by tubular reabsorption and tubular secretion. 2. Under the conditions of an i.v. phosphate-load during which the plasma concentration of phosphate was doubled, 65% of the phosphate load was excreted by the kidney, mainly by tubular secretion. 3. The renal clearance of PAH markedly exceeded(More)
The role of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) for intestinal calcium (Ca2+) absorption was studied in newborn (<1 week old) and weaned piglets (>6 weeks old). In both groups, normal piglets and piglets suffering from inherited pseudo vitamin D-deficiency rickets, type I (PVDRI) were used. In this inherited disorder, renal production of calcitriol(More)
1. Calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) concentrations in plasma of humans and pigs with pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets type I (PVDRI) have been reported to be significantly lower than in normal subjects and animals. Sometimes, however, calcitriol concentrations are relatively high in these subjects and animals (50-80 pmol/l) and nevertheless clinical(More)
Calcium absorption from the intestine may be active via the transcellular route or passive via the paracellular route, but the active component is necessary for the maintenance of calcium homeostasis. The active transport depends on vitamin D and is more restricted to the proximal part of the small intestine. Calcitriol, the active metabolite of vitamin D,(More)
A method is described which enables determination of vitamin D3 and its physiologically most important metabolites, i.e. 25-OHD3, 24,25-(OH)2D3, 25,26-(OH)2D3 and 1,25-(OH)2D3 in a plasma sample of about 2 to 4 ml. The whole procedure involves two preparative and one analytical steps: Extraction with methanol/methylene chloride (2:1), chromatographic(More)
Alcian blue (AB) was applied intravenously to cannulated, conscious Prussian carp. The glomeruli exhibited selective staining with AB. Electronmicroscopy of the filtration barrier revealed dense deposits of AB in the epithelial and endothelial cell coats and in the glomerular basement membrane. The total number of stained glomeruli per kidney was 14,170±578(More)