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We undertook a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) involving over 16,000 individuals, the most powerful AD GWAS to date. In stage 1 (3,941 cases and 7,848 controls), we replicated the established association with the apolipoprotein E (APOE) locus (most significant SNP, rs2075650, P = 1.8 x 10(-157)) and observed(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely acknowledged that the genetic diatheses for schizophrenia and affective disorders are independent. However, there are increasing doubts about this classic view, and empirical evidence for a dichotomy of these two prototypes of functional psychoses is limited. A controlled family study of consecutive admissions was conducted to(More)
We report the development and validation of experimental methods, study designs, and analysis software for pooling-based genomewide association (GWA) studies that use high-throughput single-nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP) genotyping microarrays. We first describe a theoretical framework for establishing the effectiveness of pooling genomic DNA as a low-cost(More)
The aim of the study was to differentiate bipolar II, bipolar I and recurrent unipolar depression by their familial load for affective disorders. Eighty bipolar, 108 unipolar, 80 control subjects and interviewed first-degree relatives were diagnosed according to Research Diagnostic Criteria using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and(More)
The term concreteness effect refers to the observation that concrete nouns are processed faster and more accurately than abstract nouns in a variety of cognitive tasks. Two models have been proposed to explain the neuronal basis of the concreteness effect. The dual-coding theory attributes the advantage to the access of a right hemisphere image based system(More)
In this longitudinal study of 77 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the authors analyzed whether levels of tau protein phosphorylated at threonine 231 (p-tau(231)) in CSF correlate with progression of cognitive decline. High CSF p-tau(231) levels at baseline, but not total tau protein levels, correlated with cognitive decline and conversion from(More)
First-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients display alterations in various cognitive domains and their electrophysiological counterparts similar to schizophrenic subjects. The mismatch negativity (MMN) is an event-related potential that reflects sensory memory in the pre-attentive stage of auditory processing. An amplitude reduction of the MMN has been(More)
Local inflammatory processes surrounding the amyloid plaques contribute to the progression and acceleration of the Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related neurodegeneration. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an inflammatory cytokine with possible involvement in the local immune response occurring in the central nervous system of AD patients. We tested the hypothesis as to(More)
We recently reported evidence for an association between the individual variation in normal human episodic memory and a common variant of the KIBRA gene, KIBRA rs17070145 (T-allele). Since memory impairment is a cardinal clinical feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), we investigated the possibility of an association between the KIBRA gene and AD using data(More)
Several epidemiological studies have reported an association between complications of pregnancy and delivery and schizophrenia, but none have had sufficient power to examine specific complications that, individually, are of low prevalence. We, therefore, performed an individual patient meta-analysis using the raw data from case control studies that used the(More)