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The use of wireless technologies in Factory Automation is attractive due to several advantages (mobility, cost, etc.); however, to satisfy the requirements of industrial applications , they have to be improved in terms of real-time performance. Handover is a particular weakness in cellular wireless systems, e. g., in IEEE 802.11, since it may introduce(More)
The introduction of wireless networks in the factory floor offers many advantages. Besides a new flexibility for automation, also features like the localisation of wireless devices ease the use of this technology. However, for the application on the factory floor real-time guarantees have to be given, which can be ensured by schemes like TDMA, which is(More)
—Time based localisation methods like GPS are widely used for outdoor navigation, whereas indoor navigation is typically performed only on a cell-basis or based on the Received Signal Strength Indicator. Since RSSI is not able to fulfil all current requirements, Time of Arrival and Time Difference of Arrival based approaches have recently gained focus. As(More)
In the recent years, the term wireless factory automation began raising interest. Its probably most appreciated feature, mobility, is yet acknowledged as the key for new applications. Nevertheless, this apparent freedom comes with a palette of requirements, whereof one is localisa-tion. Although locating systems have been an extensive research topic for(More)