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BACKGROUND In arterial hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) includes myocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis, which leads to LV diastolic dysfunction and, finally, heart failure. In spontaneously hypertensive rats, myocardial fibrosis was regressed and LV diastolic function was improved by treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor(More)
Primary tumors of the heart, in contrast to secondary metastatic tumors show a very rare occurrence. About 25% of all primary cardiac tumors are malignant with angiosarcomas being the most frequent type of tumor. The clinical presentation include pericardial tamponade by hemorrhagic pericardial effusion, right heart failure, lung embolism and thoracal pain.(More)
BACKGROUND The most effective magnitude and timing of antiplatelet therapy is important in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We investigated whether the results of primary coronary angioplasty (PCI) can be improved by the early administration of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blocker tirofiban at first medical contact in the(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is widely accepted as a pluricausal or multifactorial disease. Because of the linkage between energy metabolism in the mitochondria and cardiac muscle contraction, it is reasonable to assume that mitochondrial abnormalities may be responsible for some forms of DCM. We analysed the whole mitochondrial genome in a series of 45(More)
Twenty-nine patients in whom severe bradyarrhythmias occurred exclusively during obstructive sleep apnea and in whom advanced sinus node disease or atrioventricular conduction system dysfunction had been excluded by invasive electrophysiologic evaluation were prospectively followed on nasal continuous positive airway pressure. During 54 +/- 10 months(More)
In chronic heart failure, various regulatory systems including the Frank-Starling mechanism, the neuro-hormonal response, cardiac growth and peripheral oxygen delivery may be operative. Recently, the inter-relationship of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and cardiac growth has drawn clinical interest. In the pressure-or volume-overloaded(More)
In hypertensive heart disease, reactive myocardial fibrosis represents as an excessive accumulation of fibrillar collagen within the normal connective tissue structures of the myocardium. The fact, that the myocardium of both ventricles is involved, irrespective of ventricular loading conditions, suggests that circulating factors, and not the hemodynamic(More)
Despite the deleterious effects of cardiac dyssynchrony and the positive effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy, patients with high-degree atrioventricular block continue to receive desynchronizing right ventricular (RV) pacing systems. Although it is unclear whether the negative effects of RV pacing and left bundle branch block (LBBB) are comparable,(More)
To determine the incidence of complications of third-generation implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy, 144 patients were prospectively studied who underwent first implant of third-generation devices (i.e., ICD systems with biphasic shocks, ECG storage capability, and nonthoracotomy lead systems). During 21 +/- 15 months of follow-up, 41 (28%)(More)
The AF Prevention by Overdriving (PROVE) trial is an ongoing prospective study of the effectiveness of atrial overdrive pacing combined with an Automatic Rest Rate function in the prevention of atrial arrhythmias. All patients who have received a Talent DR 213 pacemaker are eligible for enrollment into the study. After a 1-month monitoring period, the(More)