Reinhard Bergmann

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Gentamicin incorporated in beads of polymethylmethacrylate has been shown capable of being released over a period of several months in concentrations sufficiently high to control most pathogens. The therapeutic efficacy of such beads has been demonstrated in a model of osteomyelitis of the femur in the dog. Good tolerance has been shown, both in the animal(More)
Inflammation results in a local increase in nerve growth factor production which potentially can modify the properties of nerve growth factor-responsive sensory neurons innervating the inflamed tissue. The sensitivity of primary sensory neurons to the neurotoxin capsaicin is regulated in vitro by nerve growth factor and we have now investigated the effect(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) lyase represents a target for therapeutic intervention in immune regulation. Inhibitors of the lyase can be identified by established biochemical assays, but a cellular test system for such inhibitors has not been described so far. We found that silencing or inhibition of S1P lyase with short interfering RNA (siRNA) or active(More)
The expression profile of a panel of 15 cAMP phosphodiesterase isoforms was determined for inflammatory cell types of relevance to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In particular, the expression profiles for bronchoalveolar macrophages, peripheral blood monocytes, T lymphocytes, and neutrophils from smokers with and without COPD were compared.(More)
Bisoprolol, (+/-)1-(4-[(2-isopropoxyethoxy)-methyl]-phenoxy)-3-isopropyl-amino -2- propanol-hemifumarate, is a new, highly selective beta 1-adrenoceptor blocking agent without intrinsic sympathomimetic activity and low to moderate local anaesthetic activity. As demonstrated in binding experiments, and in classical pharmacological studies using rats, guinea(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the feasibility of using proton magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to noninvasively detect extravascular and luminal fluid in a murine model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Basel Veterinary Authority approved this experiment. Actively sensitized female Balb/c mice received ovalbumin or saline and(More)
Dysfunctions in mucociliary clearance are associated with the accelerated loss of lung function in several respiratory diseases. Approaches enabling the in vivo visualization of mucus dynamics in rodents at high resolution and sensitivity would be beneficial for experimental lung research. We describe the synthesis and characterization of two bilabeled(More)
The pharmacodynamic activity of (+/-)-1-[4-(2-isopropoxyethoxymethyl)-phenoxy]-3-isopropylamino-2- propranol- hemifumarate (bisoprolol, EMD 33 512) has been investigated under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Bisoprolol was found to be an effective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, the pA2 values determined against isoprenaline in guinea pig atria and tracheal(More)
Gentamicin PMMA beads (PMMA = polymethylmethacrylate) represent a new form of local antibiotic therapy for treating chronic bone and soft tissue infections. Gentamicin is released in high concentrations from PMMA. The therapeutic efficacy of the beads was demonstrated in a model of bone infection in dogs. Sufficiently high tissue concentrations of(More)