Reinhard Agerer

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There is a need to quantify and qualify the ability of ectomycorrhizae to improve tree growth and nutrition and, in particular, to define criteria to classify ectomycorrhizae with respect to ecologically relevant features. Whereas the numbers of ectomycorrhizae and morphotypes give useful information when related to root biomass, root length or soil volume,(More)
Aproximately 5,000–6,000 fungal species form ectomyorrhizae (ECM), the symbiotic organs with roots of predominantly trees. The contributing fungi are not evenly distributed over the system of fungi. Within Basidiomycota exclusively Hymenomycetes and within Ascomycota exclusively Ascomycetes contribute to the symbiosis. Hymenomycetes play a big part,(More)
The vertical niche differentiation of genera of ectomycorrhiza (ECM) was assessed in a 17-year-old Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) plantation on a mountainous dolomitic site (1,050 m above sea level) of the Bavarian Limestone Alps. We determined ECM anatomotypes, recorded the abundance of corresponding ECM root tips and classified them into groups(More)
A microplate fluorimetric assay was developed for measuring potential activities of extracellular enzymes of individual ectomycorrhizal (EM) roots using methylumbelliferone (MU)-labelled fluorescent substrate analogues and microsieves to minimise damage due to manipulation of excised mycorrhizal roots. Control experiments revealed that enzyme activities(More)
Nitrogen isotope values (δ15N) are higher in ectomycorrhizal fungi than in their plant hosts but the wide variability in δ15N among sporocarps of different fungal taxa is unexplained. We propose that fungal δ15N reflects sequestration of fungal nitrogen to build fungal biomass, and should accordingly reflect fungal exploration strategies and hyphal(More)
Oak woodlands in the Mediterranean basin have been traditionally converted into agro-silvo-pastoral systems and exemplified sustainable land use in Europe. In Portugal, in line with the trend of other European countries, profound changes in management options during the twentieth century have led to landscape simplification. Landscapes are dynamic and the(More)
Regulation of resource allocation in plants is the key to integrate understanding of metabolism and resource flux across the whole plant. The challenge is to understand trade-offs as plants balance allocation between different and conflicting demands, e.g., for staying competitive with neighbours and ensuring defence against parasites. Related hypothesis(More)
The ectomycorrhizal status of Sistotrema sp. is shown by morphological–anatomical and molecular identification, confirming earlier reports about Sistotrema DNA in ectomycorrhizae (ECM). For molecular identification of the ECM nuclear rDNA ITS sequences obtained from mycorrhizal root tips and fruitbodies of Sistotrema sp. were compared. Blast searches using(More)
Ectomycorrhizae (ECM) are obligate symbiotic associations between higher fungi and most tree species of the temperate and boreal forests, and of some tree families in tropical areas. As the anatomical features of these symbiotic organs are very diverse and suggested to improve tree growth differently efficient, their frequency and natural distribution in(More)