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Antisera against bovine chromogranin A, B, and C were used to identify these proteins in human tissues by one- and two-dimensional immunoblotting and by immunohistochemistry. Human chromaffin granules contain all three chromogranins. Their molecular weight differs slightly from the bovine proteins. Chromogranin B and to a lesser degree chromogranin A are(More)
The chromogranins comprise a class of acidic proteins that are secreted from large dense core vesicles and expressed in neuronal and endocrine tissues. We describe here the molecular characterization of NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein of Mr 55,000), a novel member of the chromogranins. Several NESP55 cDNA clones were isolated from bovine chromaffin(More)
The soluble proteins of bovine chromaffin granules can be resolved into about 40 proteins by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Use of several antisera enabled us to characterize most of these proteins with the immune replica technique. An antiserum against dopamine beta-hydroxylase reacted with one protein of Mr 75,000. Met-enkephalin antisera labeled eight(More)
The influence of neurogenic versus humoral factors on mRNA levels of several secretory proteins of rat adrenal medulla was studied in vivo. Increased splanchnic nerve activity was generated (reflexly) with insulin treatment. Twenty-four hours after insulin injection, levels of mRNAs encoding neuropeptides (enkephalin and neuropeptide Y) were increased(More)
Secretogranin II (chromogranin C), originally described as tyrosine sulfated protein of the anterior pituitary, is present in large dense core vesicles of several endocrine cells and neurons. We raised antisera in rabbits to conjugates of two synthetic peptides (bovine secretogranin 133-151 and rat secretogranin 154-186) flanked in the primary structure of(More)
Genomic imprinting results in parent-of-origin-dependent monoallelic expression of selected genes. Although their importance in development and physiology is recognized, few imprinted genes have been investigated for their effects on brain function. Gnas is a complex imprinted locus whose gene products are involved in early postnatal adaptations and(More)
The distribution of secretoneurin, a peptide derived from its precursor secretogranin II by proteolytic processing, was studied in the central nervous system of the rat by immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay and compared to the distribution of secretogranin II messenger RNA by using in situ hybridization. With a specific antiserum a distinct staining(More)
Vesicular transmitter release from astrocytes influences neuronal development, function and plasticity. However, secretory pathways and the involved molecular mechanisms in astroglial cells are poorly known. In this study, we show that a variety of SNARE and Munc18 isoforms are expressed by cultured astrocytes, with syntaxin-4, Munc18c, SNAP-23 and VAMP-3(More)