Reiner Fischer-Colbrie

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NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein with Mr 55,000) comprises a novel chromogranin-like protein, which is paternally imprinted at the genomic level. We used antisera raised against GAIPIRRH, a peptide present at the C-terminus of this protein, and against TC-14, a peptide located in the N-terminal half of NESP55. Radioimmunoassay, gel-filtration(More)
The subcellular distribution of three proteins of synaptic vesicles (synaptin/synaptophysin, p65 and SV2) was determined in bovine adrenal medulla and sympathetic nerve axons. In adrenals most p65 and SV2 is confined to chromaffin granules. Part of synaptin/synaptophysin is apparently also present in these organelles, but a considerable portion is found in(More)
In this study, we investigated whether the proangiogenic neuropeptides secretoneurin (SN), substance P (SP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) contribute to the development of abnormal neovascularization in the oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model in mice. By exposing litters of C57Bl/6N mice to 75% oxygen from postnatal day 7 (P7) until postnatal day 11 (P11) and(More)
Recent studies established a novel genomically imprinted gene located 45 kb upstream of the human GNAS1 locus. This locus encoded for the Neuroendocrine Secretory Protein with an apparent molecular weight of 55,000 (NESP55), which is transcribed exclusively from the maternal allele. We sequenced rat and human NESP55 and investigated tissue-specific splicing(More)
Astrocyte cultures from rat brain were analyzed for their ability to synthesize and secrete secretogranin II (chromogranin C). Northern blot analysis of polyA-selected RNA established the presence of secretogranin II mRNA in these cells. By radioimmunoassay, 11.6 fmol/10(6) astrocytes of secretogranin II was found in these cells. About twice the amount was(More)
The soluble proteins of bovine chromaffin granules can be resolved into about 40 proteins by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Use of several antisera enabled us to characterize most of these proteins with the immune replica technique. An antiserum against dopamine beta-hydroxylase reacted with one protein of Mr 75,000. Met-enkephalin antisera labeled eight(More)
NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein of M(r) 55000) is a novel member of the chromogranin family. In the present study, we have investigated the distribution, axonal transport and proteolytic processing of NESP55 in the peripheral nervous system. The amount of NESP55 immunoreactivity in adrenal gland was more than 240 times higher than that in the vas(More)
The pineal gland of mammals is richly innervated by nerve fibres containing various peptides of central or sympathetic origin. In this study, we have investigated the presence, regulation and effect of secretoneurin (SN), a 33-amino-acid peptide discovered recently in the central and sympathetic nervous systems. The rat pineal gland contains about 34 fmol(More)
Vesicular transmitter release from astrocytes influences neuronal development, function and plasticity. However, secretory pathways and the involved molecular mechanisms in astroglial cells are poorly known. In this study, we show that a variety of SNARE and Munc18 isoforms are expressed by cultured astrocytes, with syntaxin-4, Munc18c, SNAP-23 and VAMP-3(More)