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NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein with Mr 55,000) comprises a novel chromogranin-like protein, which is paternally imprinted at the genomic level. We used antisera raised against GAIPIRRH, a peptide present at the C-terminus of this protein, and against TC-14, a peptide located in the N-terminal half of NESP55. Radioimmunoassay, gel-filtration(More)
Genomic imprinting results in parent-of-origin-dependent monoallelic expression of selected genes. Although their importance in development and physiology is recognized, few imprinted genes have been investigated for their effects on brain function. Gnas is a complex imprinted locus whose gene products are involved in early postnatal adaptations and(More)
Rats were injected with a large dose of reserpine known to stimulate the adrenal medulla. Various times after drug treatment the mRNA levels of several constituents of large dense-core vesicles were determined by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. The latter method allowed detection of changes in mRNA levels not only in chromaffin cells, but(More)
In this study, we investigated whether the proangiogenic neuropeptides secretoneurin (SN), substance P (SP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) contribute to the development of abnormal neovascularization in the oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model in mice. By exposing litters of C57Bl/6N mice to 75% oxygen from postnatal day 7 (P7) until postnatal day 11 (P11) and(More)
Recent studies established a novel genomically imprinted gene located 45 kb upstream of the human GNAS1 locus. This locus encoded for the Neuroendocrine Secretory Protein with an apparent molecular weight of 55,000 (NESP55), which is transcribed exclusively from the maternal allele. We sequenced rat and human NESP55 and investigated tissue-specific splicing(More)
The synthesis rate of the membrane proteins of the catecholamine-storing vesicles (chromaffin granules) of the adrenal medulla is lower than that of the secretory proteins of the contents. Based on these results we proposed that after exocytosis the membranes of chromaffin granules are retrieved and are re-used for several secretion cycles (see also ref.(More)
The soluble proteins of bovine chromaffin granules can be resolved into about 40 proteins by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Use of several antisera enabled us to characterize most of these proteins with the immune replica technique. An antiserum against dopamine beta-hydroxylase reacted with one protein of Mr 75,000. Met-enkephalin antisera labeled eight(More)
NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein of M(r) 55000) is a novel member of the chromogranin family. In the present study, we have investigated the distribution, axonal transport and proteolytic processing of NESP55 in the peripheral nervous system. The amount of NESP55 immunoreactivity in adrenal gland was more than 240 times higher than that in the vas(More)
The pineal gland of mammals is richly innervated by nerve fibres containing various peptides of central or sympathetic origin. In this study, we have investigated the presence, regulation and effect of secretoneurin (SN), a 33-amino-acid peptide discovered recently in the central and sympathetic nervous systems. The rat pineal gland contains about 34 fmol(More)