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The chromogranins comprise a class of acidic proteins that are secreted from large dense core vesicles and expressed in neuronal and endocrine tissues. We describe here the molecular characterization of NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein of Mr 55,000), a novel member of the chromogranins. Several NESP55 cDNA clones were isolated from bovine chromaffin(More)
Genomic imprinting results in parent-of-origin-dependent monoallelic expression of selected genes. Although their importance in development and physiology is recognized, few imprinted genes have been investigated for their effects on brain function. Gnas is a complex imprinted locus whose gene products are involved in early postnatal adaptations and(More)
The chromogranins (chromogranin A and chromogranin B), secretogranins (secretogranin II and secretogranin III), and additional related proteins (7B2, NESP55, proSAAS, and VGF) that together comprise the granin family subserve essential roles in the regulated secretory pathway that is responsible for controlled delivery of peptides, hormones,(More)
Recent studies established a novel genomically imprinted gene located 45 kb upstream of the human GNAS1 locus. This locus encoded for the Neuroendocrine Secretory Protein with an apparent molecular weight of 55,000 (NESP55), which is transcribed exclusively from the maternal allele. We sequenced rat and human NESP55 and investigated tissue-specific splicing(More)
NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein with Mr 55,000) comprises a novel chromogranin-like protein, which is paternally imprinted at the genomic level. We used antisera raised against GAIPIRRH, a peptide present at the C-terminus of this protein, and against TC-14, a peptide located in the N-terminal half of NESP55. Radioimmunoassay, gel-filtration(More)
Rats were injected with a large dose of reserpine known to stimulate the adrenal medulla. Various times after drug treatment the mRNA levels of several constituents of large dense-core vesicles were determined by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. The latter method allowed detection of changes in mRNA levels not only in chromaffin cells, but(More)
In this study, we investigated whether the proangiogenic neuropeptides secretoneurin (SN), substance P (SP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) contribute to the development of abnormal neovascularization in the oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model in mice. By exposing litters of C57Bl/6N mice to 75% oxygen from postnatal day 7 (P7) until postnatal day 11 (P11) and(More)
The pineal gland of mammals is richly innervated by nerve fibres containing various peptides of central or sympathetic origin. In this study, we have investigated the presence, regulation and effect of secretoneurin (SN), a 33-amino-acid peptide discovered recently in the central and sympathetic nervous systems. The rat pineal gland contains about 34 fmol(More)