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Specific antibody activities (antibody per weight unit IgG) of serum and CSF against a broad variety of viruses were compared in multiple sclerosis and certain inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system, e.g. neurosyphilis, as well as herpes simplex and zoster encephalitis. No "unspecific" antiviral activities within the CSF compartment were found(More)
The intrathecal antibody response to Borrelia burgdorferi was evaluated in American and West German patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis. By an antibody capture enzyme immunoassay, 12 (92%) of 13 patients from the USA with Lyme meningitis were found to have intrathecal antibody production to B. burgdorferi, usually of multiple isotypes, most commonly IgA. Of(More)
Several patients with herpes simplex encephalitis developed a prolonged humoral immune reaction within the central nervous system, which was evaluated by the measurement of locally synthesized immunoglobulin fractions in cerebrospinal fluid. Such phasic immune responses seem to occur predominantly in CNS infections with herpes and myxo/paramyxo viruses. In(More)
The antibody responses to the three genomic groups of Borrelia burgdorferi (B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii, and Borrelia afzelii) were determined in 97 German patients with various manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. The geometric mean antibody titers in each patient group, determined by ELISA, were similar with each antigen preparation. By(More)
From Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in a tick-borne encephalitis focus in Baden-Württemberg, an agent pathogenic exclusively for suckling mice was isolated. Obviously a virus, it passed membrane filters with a pore width of 200 nm. It was resistant to ether and sodium deoxycholate, but not to chloroform. In the complement fixation test it showed a close,(More)
OBJECTIVES To summarize the effects of garlic on several cardiovascular-related factors and to note its adverse effects. METHODS English and non-English citations were identified from 11 electronic databases, references, manufacturers, and experts from January 1966 through February 2000 (depending on the database searched). Reports of(More)
A newly developed peroxidase-linked immunoassay is described which is sensitive enough to quantify herpes simplex antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid diluted to an IgG level of 1 mg/dl. Thus, a comparison of photometric signals allows the direct detection of specific antibodies which have been secreted by activated tissue B lymphocytes into the CSF(More)