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In conventional speech synthesis, large amounts of phonetically balanced speech data recorded in highly controlled recording studio environments are typically required to build a voice. Although using such data is a straightforward solution for high quality synthesis, the number of voices available will always be limited, because recording costs are high.(More)
In the EMIME project we have studied un-supervised cross-lingual speaker adaptation. We have employed an HMM statistical framework for both speech recognition and synthesis which provides transformation mechanisms to adapt the synthesized voice in TTS (text-to-speech) using the recognized voice in ASR (automatic speech recognition). An important application(More)
This paper provides an overview of speaker adaptation research carried out in the EMIME speech-to-speech translation (S2ST) project. We focus on how speaker adaptation transforms can be learned from speech in one language and applied to the acoustic models of another language. The adaptation is transferred across languages and/or from recognition models to(More)
This paper describes a speaker discrimination experiment in which native English listeners were presented with natural and synthetic speech stimuli in English and were asked to judge whether they thought the sentences were spoken by the same person or not. The natural speech consisted of recordings of Finnish speakers speaking English. The synthetic stimuli(More)
This paper demonstrates how unsupervised cross-lingual adaptation of HMM-based speech synthesis models may be performed without explicit knowledge of the adaptation data language. A two-pass decision tree construction technique is deployed for this purpose. Using parallel translated datasets, cross-lingual and intralingual adaptation are compared in a(More)
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This paper investigates the role of noise in speaker-adaptation of HMM-based text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis and presents a new evaluation procedure. Both a new listening test based on ITU-T recommendation 835 and a perceptually motivated objective measure, frequency-weighted segmental SNR, improve the evaluation of synthetic speech when noise is present.(More)
This paper describes experiments in creating personalised children's voices for HMM-based synthesis by adapting either an adult or child average voice. The adult average voice is trained from a large adult speech database, whereas the child average voice is trained using a small database of children's speech. Here we present the idea to use stacked(More)
This paper investigates using objective quality measures to evaluate speaker adaptation performance in HMM-based speech synthesis. We compare several objective measures to subjective evaluation results from our earlier work about 1) comparison of speaker adaptation methods for child voices and 2) effects of noise in speaker adaptation. The results analysed(More)