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Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a critical complication in anti-TNF therapies. In 141 BCG vaccinated healthy individuals and 71 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as screening before anti-TNF therapies, M. tuberculosis specific immune responses were evaluated by tuberculin skin test (TST) and enzyme-linked immunospot assay(More)
OBJECTIVES Although "clinical remission" has been a realistic goal of treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is evidence that subclinical synovitis is associated with ongoing structural damage even after clinical remission is achieved. In the study reported here, we assessed whether ultrasonography (US) can predict progressive joint destruction(More)
INTRODUCTION Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate signaling that triggers activation of the innate immune system, whereas heme oxygenase (HO)-1 (an inducible heme-degrading enzyme that is induced by various stresses) suppresses inflammatory responses. We investigated the interaction between TLR and HO-1 in an inflammatory disorder, namely Behçet's disease. (More)
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