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ABSTRACT A genetic cross was performed between a Setaria isolate (pathogenic on foxtail millet) and a Triticum isolate (pathogenic on wheat) of Magnaporthe grisea to elucidate genetic mechanisms of its specific parasitism toward wheat. A total of 80 F(1) progenies were obtained from 10 mature asci containing 8 ascospores. Lesions on wheat leaves produced by(More)
The tobamovirus resistance gene L 3 of Capsicum chinense was mapped using an intra-specific F2 population (2,016 individuals) of Capsicum annuum cultivars, into one of which had been introduced the C. chinense L 3 gene, and an inter-specific F2 population (3,391 individuals) between C. chinense and Capsicum frutescence. Analysis of a BAC library with an(More)
ABSTRACT Host species specificity of Magnaporthe grisea toward foxtail millet was analyzed using F(1) cultures derived from a cross between a Triticum isolate (pathogenic on wheat) and a Setaria isolate (pathogenic on foxtail millet). On foxtail millet cvs. Beni-awa and Oke-awa, avirulent and virulent cultures segregated in a 1:1 ratio, suggesting that a(More)
A 3-year-old boy, his 7-year-old brother, and a maternal uncle had a pure form of spastic paraplegia and a variant X chromosome with a faintly stained gap at Xq11.2. The mother of the propositus also had the variant X chromosome but was clinically unaffected. Three other unaffected females in the family did not have the variant X chromosome. The gaps in the(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a broad bean wilt virus 2 (BBWV-2) isolate from gentian in Japan. The full-length RNA1 and RNA2 sequences, excluding poly(A) tails, were 5955 and 3600 nucleotides long, respectively. Analysis indicated that, in contrast to other BBWV-2 isolates, the 5’ end of both RNA1 and RNA2 starts with a GUU sequence. We(More)
We found that an L 3 resistance-breaking field isolate of Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), designated PMMoV-Is, had two amino acid changes in its coat protein (CP), namely leucine to phenylalanine at position 13 (L13F) and glycine to valine at position 66 (G66V), as compared with PMMoV-J, which induces a resistance response in L 3 -harboring Capsicum(More)
Although auxin and ethylene play pivotal roles in leaf abscission, the subsequent signaling molecules are poorly understood. This is mainly because it is difficult to effectively treat the intact abscission zone (AZ) with pharmacological reagents. We developed an in vitro experimental system that reproduces stress-induced leaf abscission in planta. In this(More)
The glucagon receptor (Gcgr) is essential for maintaining glucose homeostasis in the liver and for stimulating insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. Glucose induces rat Gcgr mRNA expression; however, the precise mechanism remains unknown. We previously have studied the role of the carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP), a(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in response to many environmental stresses, such as UV, chilling, salt and pathogen attack. These stresses also accompany leaf abscission in some plants, however, the relationship between these stresses and abscission is poorly understood. In our recent report, we developed an in vitro abscission system that(More)
The pepper L gene conditions the plant's resistance to Tobamovirus spp. Alleles L(1), L(2), L(3), and L(4) confer a broadening spectra of resistance to different virus pathotypes. In this study, we report the genetic basis for the hierarchical interaction between L genes and Tobamovirus pathotypes. We cloned L(3) using map-based methods, and L(1), L(1a),(More)