Reiko Tabata

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The pharmacological properties of MKC-231 (2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-N- (2,3-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofuro[2,3-b]quinolin-4-yl) acetoamide, CAS 135463-81-9) in comparison with an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, tacrine (CAS 1684-40-8) were studied. MKC-231(10(-10)-10(-6) moll) significantly increased high affinity choline uptake (HACU) when it was(More)
Behavioral effects of MKC-242 (5-{3-[((2>)-1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino] propoxy}-1,3-benzodioxole CHl), a novel and selective serotonin 1A receptor agonist, were investigated in rats and mice and compared against those of diazepam, buspirone and tandospirone. MKC-242 (0.0625-0.25 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly increased punished drinking in water-deprived(More)
To investigate the ketone body ratio (acetoacetate/3-hydroxybutyrate) of central venous blood compared to that of peripheral arterial blood, the acetoacetate and 3-hydroxybutyrate concentrations in paired peripheral arterial and central venous or pulmonary arterial blood were measured. The ketone body concentrations in superior and inferior vena cava blood(More)
Levels of endogenous endotoxins have been reported to increase after cardiopulmonary bypass. Endotoxin levels have also been implicated in multiple organ failure and may contribute to the immunocompromised state seen after bypass. We evaluated the effects of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass circulation on endogenous endotoxin levels. The study population(More)
The arterial ketone body ratio (AKBR), an established clinical tool that reflects hepatic mitochondrial oxidation-reduction potential, predicts the outcome of patients with shock and multiple organ failure and the postoperative outcome in patients who have undergone major liver or heart surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic(More)
We explored the blood-retaining mechanism of a vascular prosthesis made of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene through analysis of its structure and physicochemical properties. Plasma leakage through this vascular prosthesis was simulated by computer to explore its etiology. These examinations disclosed that leakage is dependent upon the inner pressure and the(More)
In 39 mongrel dogs, regional cerebral blood flow was measured during pulsatile and nonpulsatile deep hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass with total circulatory arrest. Total circulatory arrest was performed at 20 degrees C cerebral temperature for 40 minutes in 15 dogs, 60 minutes in 12 dogs, and 80 minutes in 12 dogs. Cerebral blood flow in both groups(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxemia after major vascular surgery has been suggested to be caused by the passage of bacterial endotoxins through the gut. Early enteral feeding has been reported to prevent bacterial translocation. Therefore, we investigated the incidence of endotoxemia in 12 patients with normal liver function after elective surgery for abdominal aortic(More)
We have developed a new, sensitive, and rapid method for measuring the ketone body concentration in arterial blood and determining the arterial blood ketone body ratio. The procedure involves the sequential use of the enzymes 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (3-HBDH; EC 1.1.1.30) and NADH oxidase, followed by a color-generating reaction with the hydrogen(More)
Phosphoenergetic and pH images in human calf muscles before and after ischemic exercise were generated by 31P NMR chemical shift imaging (CSI) with a 1.5 T standard clinical MR machine using a home-built volume coil. Acquisition of data was repeated four times with 8 x 8 phase-encoding steps and 1 s repetition time. The total acquisition time was 4 min 16(More)