Reiko Sameshima-Saito

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Bradyrhizobium sp. S23321 is an oligotrophic bacterium isolated from paddy field soil. Although S23321 is phylogenetically close to Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, a legume symbiont, it is unable to induce root nodules in siratro, a legume often used for testing Nod factor-dependent nodulation. The genome of S23321 is a single circular chromosome,(More)
N(2)O reductase activity in soybean nodules formed with Bradyrhizobium japonicum was evaluated from N(2)O uptake and conversion of (15)N-N(2)O into (15)N-N(2). Free-living cells of USDA110 showed N(2)O reductase activity, whereas a nosZ mutant did not. Complementation of the nosZ mutant with two cosmids containing the nosRZDFYLX genes of B. japonicum(More)
To evaluate the denitrification abilities of many Bradyrhizobium field isolates, we developed a new (15)N-labeled N(2) detection methodology, which is free from interference from atmospheric N(2) contamination. (30)N(2) ((15)N(15)N) and (29)N(2) ((15)N(14)N) were detected as an apparent peak by a gas chromatograph equipped with a thermal conductivity(More)
We characterized the relationship between the genetic diversity of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia from weakly acidic soils in Japan and their geographical distribution in an ecological study of indigenous soybean rhizobia. We isolated bradyrhizobia from three kinds of Rj-genotype soybeans. Their genetic diversity and community structure were(More)
In order to assess the physiological responses of bradyrhizobia and competition for the nodulation of soybean at different temperatures, we investigated the expression of the nodC gene at 20, 25, and 30°C and the abilities of bacteria to nodulate soybean in microcosms at day/night cultivation temperatures of 23/18°C, 28/23°C, and 33/28°C for 16/8 h. We(More)
Understanding the factors that influence the diversity of soybean-nodulating rhizobia is important before doing inoculation. Since studies about this topic in tropical regions are limited, this could lay the groundwork for related research particularly on Bradyrhizobium elkanii. To determine the genetic diversity of B. elkanii in different regions, we(More)
We investigated the effects of the water status (flooded or non-flooded) and presence of the nosZ gene in bradyrhizobia on the bradyrhizobial community structure in a factorial experiment that examined three temperature levels (20°C, 25°C, and 30°C) and two soil types (andosol and gray lowland soil) using microcosm incubations. All microcosms were(More)
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