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Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) is a unique CDK, the activity of which can be detected in postmitotic neurons. To date, CDK5 purified from mammalian brains has always been associated with a truncated form of the 35-kDa major brain specific activator (p35, also known as nck5a) of CDK5, known as p25. In this study, we report that p35 can be cleaved to p25(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5), a cdc2-related kinase expressed in postmitotic neurons, is activated by association with a brain-specific activator, p35. It has been suggested that the conversion of p35 to p25 by the protease calpain is involved in neuronal cell death. However, p35 protein is turned over rapidly via proteasomal degradation in living(More)
Degradation of p35, a neuron-specific activator of CDK5, was studied in rat cortical neurons in primary culture. Treatment of cultured neurons with cyclohexamide induced the rapid disappearance of p35 accompanied by parallel inactivation of the kinase activity of CDK5. The disappearance of p35 was blocked with proteasome inhibitors(More)
Double-strand RNA dependent protein kinase (PKR) plays an important role in control of cell death. We previously reported that activation of PKR is associated with hippocampal neuronal loss in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have reported that Parkinson's (PD) and Huntington's (HD) disease brains displayed progressive hippocampal neuronal loss in(More)
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