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Although it is generally accepted that relatively high efficiencies of somatic cell cloning in mammals can be achieved by using donor cells from the female reproductive system (e.g., cumulus/granulosa, oviduct, and mammary gland cells), there is little information on the possibility of using male-specific somatic cells as donor cells. In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND Because left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is impaired before systolic function in patients with ischemic heart disease and because ischemic heart disease is constituted of regional rather than global abnormalities of the left ventricle, measures of LV regional diastolic dysfunction, if possible, should provide the most sensitive assessment(More)
A 19-year-old man with known Hunter syndrome presented with dyspnea, and was admitted to our hospital. Bronchoscopy revealed tracheal narrowing with excessive granulation tissue formation in the trachea. Three-dimensional CT clearly demonstrated severe stenosis in the trachea and both main bronchi. Autopsy showed granulomatous tissue proliferation and(More)
The objective of this study was to clarify whether morphologic evaluation of the in vivo artery with intravascular ultrasound provides as sensitive a marker as endothelial dysfunction or microscopic histologic assessment. Endothelial dysfunction assessed with the changes in the vessel diameter during acetylcholine infusion has been used as a more sensitive(More)
Concern over the influence of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on human health has arisen due to advances; however, little is known about the potential toxicity of CNTs. In this study, impurity-free single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), with different physical properties in cell culture medium, were prepared by a novel dispersion procedure. SWCNTs with small(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy from hypertensive hypertrophy using a newly developed M-mode format integrated backscatter imaging system capable of calibrating myocardial integrated backscatter with the power of Doppler signals from the blood. BACKGROUND Myocardial integrated ultrasound backscatter(More)
OBJECTIVES This study attempted to clarify the effect of ventricular relaxation abnormalities on coronary flow dynamics at rest and during tachycardia in humans. BACKGROUND Ventricular relaxation abnormality has been demonstrated in animals to have an adverse impact on early diastolic coronary flow dynamics. However, this relation has not been established(More)
The hemodynamic profile of congestive heart failure (CHF) is best described in terms of its two primary sets of hemodynamic parameters, that is, left atrial pressure and cardiac output, each of which has a specific and independently variable hemodynamic cause. To assess whether analysis of the mitral and/or pulmonary venous flow-velocity patterns provides(More)
BACKGROUND The most established parameters of left ventricular (LV) relaxation are peak negative value of the first derivative of LV pressure (-dP/dtmax) and the time constant of isovolumic LV pressure fall. The instantaneous pressure gradient between the aorta and the LV during diastole can be calculated from the continuous-wave Doppler aortic regurgitant(More)
We designed this study to access the importance of left atrial function as a contributor to mitral flow velocity pattern in hypertensive patients. In hypertensive patients the early diastolic flow velocity and ratio of early to late diastolic flow velocity in the mitral flow velocity pattern increase in association with sublingual administration of(More)