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Expression of virulence-related extracellular proteases, gelatinase, and serine protease of Enterococcus faecalis is regulated by a quorum-sensing system encoded by the fsr gene cluster. In this study, a 23.9-kb chromosomal deletion containing the fsr gene cluster region was found to be present in the majority (79%) of gelatinase-negative clinical isolates(More)
Staphylococci have been confirmed to form biofilms on various biomaterials. The purpose of this study was to investigate biofilm formation among methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) and to assess the relationship between biofilm-forming capacities and virulence determinants/clinical(More)
PURPOSE We examined the expression of REIC/Dkk-3, a possible candidate for a tumor suppressor gene, in human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCCC) cell lines and sporadic RCCC surgical specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human RCCC cell lines (Caki-1, Caki-2, ACHN and KPK-1) and several control cell lines were used to examine the expression of REIC/Dkk-3 mRNA(More)
Conditions have been optimized for the use of a multiplex PCR for the detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in nosocomial surveillance specimens. Seven primer sets targeting the genes vanA, vanB, vanC1, vanC2/C3 Enterococcus faecalis-specific, Enterococcus faecium-specific, and rrs (16S rRNA) were used in one reaction tube. The PCR method developed(More)
Ulifloxacin is the active form of the prodrug prulifloxacin and shows a highly potent antipseudomonal activity. In this study, we examined the combined effect of fosfomycin and ulifloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) growing in a biofilm using a modified Robbins device with artificial urine, and compared it to that of the combination of(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen that is one of the most refractory to therapy when it forms biofilms in the airways of cystic fibrosis patients. To date, studies regarding the production of an immunogenic and protective antigen to inhibit biofilm formation by P. aeruginosa have been superficial. The previously uncharacterized(More)
Cranberry, which is rich in polyphenols, including anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins, has been found to have various effects beneficial to human health, including prevention of urinary tract infections. These effects have been associated with polyphenols in the fruit. We investigated the excretion of anthocyanins in human urine after ingestion of cranberry(More)
Changes in the indigenous vaginal microflora with uropathogenic bacteria can predispose women to frequently recurring bacterial cystitis. Lactobacilli used as probiotics have played an important role in preventing the colonization of pathogenic bacteria in the vagina. A prospective clinical pilot study was performed to confirm the safety and effectiveness(More)
In-vitro susceptibility studies were performed on 99 clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates. A total of 68 of 73 methicillin-resistant S. aureus and 2 of 26 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus were gentamicin-resistant (gentamicin MIC range 16 to 1,024 microg/mL). All 70 gentamicin-resistant isolates contained the aac(6')-Ie-aph(2'')-Ia aminoglycoside(More)
In recent years, the increasing incidence of urinary tract infection (UTIs) caused by Staphylococcus aureus has been noted at the urology ward, Okayama University Hospital. We investigated the molecular epidemiological characteristics of 139 UTI isolates, including 45 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and 94 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA),(More)