Reiko J Tanaka

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The search for unifying properties of complex networks is popular, challenging, and important. For modeling approaches that focus on robustness and fragility as unifying concepts, the Internet is an especially attractive case study, mainly because its applications are ubiquitous and pervasive, and widely available exposition exists at every level of detail.(More)
Although the “scale-free” literature is large and growing, it gives neither a precise definition of scale-free graphs nor rigorous proofs of many of their claimed properties. In fact, it is easily shown that the existing theory has many inherent contradictions and verifiably false claims. In this paper, we propose a new, mathematically precise, and(More)
A phylogenetic study based on sequence analysis of the beta-tubulin, hydrophobin and calmodulin genes was performed in 19 strains of Aspergillus fumigatus and related species isolated from clinical specimens in Japan. Correlations between detailed morphology and phylogeny were examined. Species in the section Fumigati were divided into five clades: clade I,(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by fibrofolliculomas, renal tumors, and pulmonary cysts with recurrent pneumothorax. Multiple pulmonary cysts and pneumothorax are the key signs for diagnosing BHD syndrome. The pathologic features of BHD pulmonary cysts, however, are poorly understood. This disorder is caused by(More)
The major surface glycoprotein (Msg) of Pneumocystis jiroveci (P. jiroveci) is important in the immunopathogenesis of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP), but is difficult to study in humans. We generated 3 overlapping recombinant Msg fragments (MsgA, MsgB and MsgC), and analyzed their reactivity with serum samples from 95 healthy blood donors and 94 human(More)
Recent research in biology has clarified many features of the global organization of metabolic networks, including the biochemical mechanisms responsible for power laws in metabolite degrees. The primary aim of this Letter is to give the simplest possible biochemical explanations and minimal toy models based on a highly optimized tolerance perspective,(More)
Samples of bathwater from 14 homes and 22 public bathhouses and sludge in drainpipes from 19 house-hold bathrooms were plated out onto potato dextrose agar supplemented with chloramphenicol. Several media were used to study colony morphology of the isolates and the thermotolerance and alkaline tolerance of each isolate were examined. Eleven sludge samples(More)
Sixty-three Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates obtained from three nine-banded armadillos ( Dasypus novemcinctus), one Amazonian armadillo's and 19 clinical isolates were compared by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis with the primer OPG-19. The isolates were divided into three major clusters, I, II and III. Coincidences between human and(More)
Aspergillosis is an important mycosis caused primarily by Aspergillus fumigatus and its relatives. The genus Emericella is a teleomorph related to the Aspergillus section Nidulantes. The typical anamorphic stage species in this genus is Aspergillus nidulans, which is sometimes a significant agent in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. The(More)
One hundred and thirty-nine strains of Cryptococcus neoformans were isolated in Thailand from clinical specimens including 97 AIDS patients: 67 from Northern, 48 from Central, 17 from Northeastern and 7 from Southern regional hospitals. Six out of the 139 strains were serotype B and the remaining 133 were A. There was no correlation between serotypes and(More)