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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine both the tendon and muscle components of the medial gastrocnemius muscle-tendon unit in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and equinus gait, with or without contracture. We also examined a small number of children who had undergone prior surgical lengthening of the triceps surae to address equinus contracture.(More)
Soft tissue artifact (STA) has been identified as the most critical source of error in clinical gait analysis. Multiple calibration is a technique to reduce the impact of STA on kinematic data, which involves several static calibrations through the range of motion of the joint of interest. This study investigated how skin markers at the pelvis were(More)
Hip rotation during gait has traditionally been measured using thigh wand markers. Hip rotation data calculated using thigh wands shows large variability between different laboratories and underestimates the rotation movement. This study investigated effectiveness of a patella marker in tracking hip rotation range of motion in comparison with traditional(More)
AIMS To describe a procedure for removing excess wrinkles from the upper lids of elderly patients. METHODS Excess wrinkles were resected with a razor blade and scissors or CO(2) laser along the lower eyebrow margin. Ninety-five patients (average age 74 ± 8.1 years) (157 eyes) underwent this procedure and were followed for at least 6 months(More)
BACKGROUND Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have decreased strength, low bone mass, and an increased propensity to fracture. High-frequency, low-magnitude vibration might provide a noninvasive, nonpharmacologic, home-based treatment for these musculoskeletal deficits. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of this intervention on bone and(More)
BACKGROUND Questionnaires translated into languages other than English are often not validated to the same extent as the English versions. This study examined the concurrent and discriminant validity of selected domains related to physical function from Spanish language versions of the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ), Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection(More)
BACKGROUND The Gillette Gait Index (GGI) is a summary measure incorporating 16 clinically important kinematic and temporal parameters. The purpose of this study was to compare GGI scores from computerized gait analysis versus qualitative visual assessments of overall gait to assess the validity of the GGI as a summary score for gait analysis. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of clinical gait analysis (GA) on the costs of care in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) and the amount of surgery these children undergo. METHODS A retrospective review identified all ambulatory patients with CP who had undergone lower extremity orthopaedic surgery at our(More)
Previous studies examining the influence of gait analysis on surgical decision-making have been limited by the lack of a control group. The aim of this study was to use data from a randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of gait analysis on surgical decision-making in children with cerebral palsy (CP). 178 ambulatory children with CP (110 male;(More)
This study examined the impact of gait analysis on surgical outcomes in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) through a randomized controlled trial. 156 children with CP (94 male; age 10.2 ± 3.7 years) underwent gait analysis and were randomized to two groups: Gait Report group (N = 83), where the referring surgeon received the patient's gait(More)