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BACKGROUND The clinical features of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after breast conserving therapy (BCT) for early stage breast cancer were analyzed from long-term follow-up of BCT in Japan. The purpose of this study was to clarify risk factors of IBTR and the impact of IBTR on development of distant metastases in this ethnic group. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The significance of serum tumor markers in monitoring advanced breast cancer patients is still controversial. To clarify this issue, the Tumor Marker Study Group of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society conducted a prospective study. METHODS Patients with advanced breast cancer who were treated with systemic therapy between January and December(More)
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is one of the main strategies for patients with locally advanced breast cancer. In recent years several biological markers such as estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR), and HER2 were discovered to be predictive factors for the effectiveness of NAC to help individualize treatment. In this retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND In breast cancer, ER/PgR, HER2, and Ki-67 are important biological markers for predicting prognosis and making effective treatment decisions. In addition, changes in markers due to relapse are also clinically experienced; however, the frequency and clinical significance are still not fully understood. Thus, changes in markers and their(More)
BACKGROUND Trastuzumab demonstrates significant clinical benefits in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC), and recent clinical trials suggest that trastuzumab should be continued in combination with other chemotherapy beyond progression. There is an urgent need to assess if patients could substantially benefit from continuing trastuzumab-based(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatase inhibitors have shown increased efficacy compared with tamoxifen in postmenopausal early breast cancer. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of anastrozole versus tamoxifen in premenopausal women receiving goserelin for early breast cancer in the neoadjuvant setting. METHODS In this phase 3, randomised, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is characterized by hormone dependency, and endocrine therapy is a key treatment in breast cancer. Recently, targeted therapies such as Trastuzumab treatment for HER2-positive breast cancer has been important. Triple-negative (TN) breast cancer is characterized by lack of expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are important drugs for treating postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. However, acquired resistance to AI therapies is a significant problem. Our study has revealed that the histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 treatment abrogated growth of AI-resistant cells in vitro and in vivo, causing cell cycle(More)
We carried out studiesto determine whether the Tritiated Thymidine Labeling Index (TLI) would correlate with hormone receptors as well as with clinical and histological data. Sixty-four patients with breast cancer were the subjects studied. TLI showed no relationship to age, menopausal status, T-factor, n-factor, stage, or histological type. However,(More)
BACKGROUND HER2 expression is an important prognostic and predictive factor of treatment efficacy in breast cancer. Trastuzumab, in particular, is a key drug in the treatment of HER2-positive recurrent breast cancer. However, the difference in treatment efficacy between trastuzumab monotherapy and combination therapy with chemotherapy is unclear. In order(More)