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Papain-like cysteine proteases bear an enormous potential as drug discovery targets for both infectious and systemic human diseases. The considerable progress in this field over the last two decades has also raised interest in the visualization of these enzymes in their native context, especially with regard to tumor imaging. After a short introduction to(More)
A series of 44 dipeptide nitriles with various amino acids at the P2 position and glycine nitrile at position P1 were prepared and evaluated as inhibitors of cysteine proteinases. With respect to the important contribution of the P2-S2 interaction to the formation of enzyme-inhibitor complexes, it was focused to introduce structural diversity into the P2(More)
Radiopharmacological investigations of [(18)F]NS14490 have proven that this radiotracer could be a potential PET radiotracer for imaging of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor particularly with regard to vulnerable plaques of diseased vessels. For further optimisation of the previously automated one-pot radiosynthesis of [(18)F]NS14490 using a tosylate(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (transglutaminase 2) is a multifunctional enzyme with many interesting properties resulting in versatile roles in both physiology and pathophysiology. Herein, the particular involvement of the enzyme in human diseases will be outlined with special emphasis on its role in cancer and in tissue interactions with biomaterials. Despite(More)
In the human gastric carcinoma cell line EPG85-257P (parent) induction of resistance to daunorubicin (DAU) was achieved by selection with stepwise increased concentrations of the drug. The new vairant was named EPG85-257DAU and was shown to overexpress the mdr1 gene product 170 kDa P-glycoprotein (P-Gp) as demonstrated by immunocytochemistry and(More)
3-[(18)F]Fluoropropanesulfonyl chloride, a recently proposed prosthetic agent for fluorine-18 labelling, was prepared in a two-step radiosynthesis via 3-[(18)F]fluoropropyl thiocyanate as an intermediate. Two benzenesulfonate-based radiolabelling precursors were prepared by various routes. Comparing the reactivities of 3-thiocyanatopropyl nosylate and the(More)
Peptides labeled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides are of outstanding interest as probes for molecular imaging by positron emission tomography (PET). Herein, the site-selective incorporation of fluorine-18 into lysine-containing peptides using the prosthetic labeling agent N-succinimidyl 4-[18F]fluorobenzoate ([18F]SFB) is described. The(More)
A series of 2-(diethylamino)thieno1,3ŏxazin-4-ones was synthesized and evaluated in vitro for inhibitory activity toward human leukocyte elastase (HLE). The Gewald thiophene synthesis was utilized to obtain several ethyl 2-aminothiophene-3-carboxylates. These precursors were subjected to a five-step route to obtain thieno2,3-d1,3ŏxazin-4-ones bearing(More)
A fluorinated cathepsin inhibitor based on the azadipeptide nitrile chemotype was prepared and selected for positron emission tomography (PET) tracer development owing to its high affinity for the oncologically relevant cathepsins L, S, K and B. Labelling with fluorine-18 was accomplished in an efficient and reliable two-step, one-pot radiosynthesis by(More)