Reijo Juhani Takalo

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In the present paper, the theoretical basis of autoregressive (AR) modelling in spectral analysis is explained in simple terms. Spectral analysis gives information about the frequency content and sources of variation in a time series. The AR method is an alternative to discrete Fourier transform, and the method of choice for high-resolution spectral(More)
BACKGROUND Deposition of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) in neuritic plaques is a hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD). Mutations in genes encoding amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin 1 and 2 (PSEN1, PSEN2) are associated with increased accumulation of Abeta in neuritic plaques or in the walls of cerebral vessels. Intracerebral hemorrhage(More)
In the present paper, the theoretical background of multivariate autoregressive modelling (MAR) is explained. The motivation for MAR modelling is the need to study the linear relationships between signals. In biomedical engineering, MAR modelling is used especially in the analysis of cardiovascular dynamics and electroencephalographic signals, because it(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate ultrasonography (US) of salivary glands in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and to compare US with parotid magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR sialography. METHODS US examination of parotid, submandibular and sublingual glands was performed on 27 patients with primary SS, 27 healthy controls and 27 symptomatic controls without SS.(More)
The value of ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and plain radiography (PR) in detecting bone erosions on the humeral head was evaluated in a study of 26 in-patients (26 shoulders) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MRI depicted humeral erosions in 25 (96%), US in 24 (92%), CT in 20 (77%) and PR in 19 (73%) of the(More)
A hexanucleotide expansion in chromosome 9 open-reading frame 72 (C9ORF72) has been found to be a major cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). We describe a 20-year follow-up of a unique case with very slowly progressive FTLD caused by the C9ORF72 repeat expansion. In serial neuropsychological examinations, the patient's cognitive decline was(More)
This paper presents improved autoregressive modelling (AR) to reduce noise in SPECT images. An AR filter was applied to prefilter projection images and postfilter ordered subset expectation maximisation (OSEM) reconstruction images (AR-OSEM-AR method). The performance of this method was compared with filtered back projection (FBP) preceded by Butterworth(More)
An incidentally found solid solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) was studied using FDG PET/CT. The SPN (at that time 11mm) showed only minimal FDG uptake, with a maximum standardized uptake value of 1.7 (max SUV). This suggested a benign lesion. When followup CT was performed six months later, the SPN had grown to 12mm. The patient was re-examined by FDG PET/CT(More)
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