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—Recent work in field of neuroprosthetics has demonstrated that by observing the simultaneous activity of many neu-rons in specific regions of the brain, it is possible to produce control signals that allow animals or humans to drive cursors or pros-thetic limbs directly through thoughts. As neuroprosthetic devices transition from experimental to clinical(More)
In 1996, NASA will launch the Mars Pathfinder spacecraft, which will carry an 11 kg rover to explore the immediate vicinity of the lander. To assess the capabilities of the rover, we have constructed a new microrover testbed consisting of the Rocky 3.2 vehicle and an indoor test arena containing Mars analog terrain and overhead cameras for automatic,(More)
Arthropods exhibit highly efficient solutions to sensorimotor navigation problems. They thus provide a source of inspiration and ideas to robotics researchers. At the same time, attempting to re-engineer these mechanisms in robot hardware and software provides useful insights into how the natural systems might work. This paper reviews three examples of(More)
Extracellular electrode arrays can reveal the neuronal network correlates of behavior with single-cell, single-spike, and sub-millisecond resolution. However, implantable electrodes are inherently invasive, and efforts to scale up the number and density of recording sites must compromise on device size in order to connect the electrodes. Here, we report on(More)
We compare the performance of algorithms for automatic spike detection in neural recording applications. Each algorithm sets a threshold based on an estimate of the background noise level. The adaptive spike detection algorithm is suitable for implementation in analog VLSI; results from a proof-of-concept chip using neural data are presented. We also(More)
Locusts possess an identified neuron, the descending contralateral movement detector (DCMD), conveying visual information about impending collision from the brain to thoracic motor centers. We built a telemetry system to simultaneously record, in freely behaving animals, the activity of the DCMD and of motoneurons involved in jump execution. Cocontraction(More)
We present benchtop and in vivo experimental results from an integrated circuit designed for wireless implantable neural recording applications. The chip, which was fabricated in a commercially available 0.6- mum 2P3M BiCMOS process, contains 100 amplifiers, a 10-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), 100 threshold-based spike detectors, and a 902-928 MHz(More)
Neural prosthetic systems have the potential to restore lost functionality to amputees or patients suffering from neurological injury or disease. Current systems have primarily been designed for immobile patients, such as tetraplegics functioning in a rather static, carefully tailored environment. However, an active patient such as amputee in a normal(More)
—The complexity of analog VLSI systems is often limited by the number of pins on a chip rather than by the die area. Currently, many analog parameters and biases are stored off-chip. Moving parameter storage on-chip could save pins and allow us to create complex programmable analog systems. In this paper, we present a design for an on-chip nonvolatile(More)