Reid C. Johnson

Learn More
The Hin recombinase of Salmonella normally catalyzes a site-specific DNA inversion reaction that is very efficient when the Fis protein and a recombinational enhancer sequence are present. The mechanism of this recombination reaction has been investigated by analyzing the formation and structure of knots generated in different plasmid substrates in vitro.(More)
Fis, the most abundant DNA-binding protein in Escherichia coli during rapid growth, has been suspected to play an important role in defining nucleoid structure. Using bulk-phase and single-DNA molecule experiments, we analyze the structural consequences of non-specific binding by Fis to DNA. Fis binds DNA in a largely sequence-neutral fashion at nanomolar(More)
In vitro studies have demonstrated that Hin-catalysed site-specific DNA inversion occurs within a tripartite invertasome complex assembled at a branch on a supercoiled DNA molecule. Multiple DNA exchanges within a recombination complex (processive recombination) have been found to occur with particular substrates or reaction conditions. To investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Hin is a member of an extended family of site-specific recombinases--the DNA invertase/resolvase family--that catalyze inversion or deletion of DNA. DNA inversion by Hin occurs between two recombination sites and requires the regulatory protein Fis, which associates with a cis-acting recombinational enhancer sequence. Hin recombinase dimers bind(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Nhp6A is a model for the abundant and multifunctional high-mobility group B (HMGB) family of chromatin-associated proteins. Nhp6A binds DNA in vitro without sequence specificity and bends DNA sharply, but its role in chromosome biology is poorly understood. We show by whole-genome chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and(More)
The right repeat in Tn5, which encodes protein absolutely required for transposition, is also capable of inhibiting Tn5 transposition. Analysis of Tn5 mutants indicates that the left repeat is defective in supplying the transposition-inhibition function because of the sequence difference between the repeats located at nucleotide 1443; that the(More)
A gradient of Ran.GTP typically regulates traffic through the nuclear pore by modulating association of receptors with cargo. However, here we demonstrate that the yeast high mobility group box transcription factor Nhp6Ap enters the nucleus via a novel nuclear localization signal recognized by calcium calmodulin in a process that does not require Ran.(More)
The multistep kinetics through which DNA-binding proteins bind their targets are heavily studied, but relatively little attention has been paid to proteins leaving the double helix. Using single-DNA stretching and fluorescence detection, we find that sequence-neutral DNA-binding proteins Fis, HU and NHP6A readily exchange with themselves and with each(More)
Hin, a member of the serine family of site-specific recombinases, regulates gene expression by inverting a DNA segment. DNA inversion requires assembly of an invertasome complex in which a recombinational enhancer DNA segment bound by the Fis protein associates with the Hin synaptic complex at the base of a supercoiled DNA branch. Each of the four Hin(More)
The excisionase (Xis) protein from bacteriophage lambda is the best characterized member of a large family of recombination directionality factors that control integrase-mediated DNA rearrangements. It triggers phage excision by cooperatively binding to sites X1 and X2 within the phage, bending DNA significantly and recruiting the phage-encoded integrase(More)