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Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) acts as a membrane anchor of many cell surface proteins. Its structure and biosynthetic pathway are generally conserved among eukaryotic organisms, with a number of differences. In particular, mammalian and protozoan mannosyltransferases needed for addition of the first mannose (GPI-MT-I) have different substrate(More)
Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are bound to the cell membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Several genes involved in GPI anchor biosynthesis have been cloned using complementation of mutant mammalian cell lines and yeasts that are defective in its biosynthesis pathway. However, the gene involved in the second step of this pathway,(More)
Biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol and N-glycan precursor is dependent upon a mannosyl donor, dolichol phosphate-mannose (DPM). The Thy-1negative class E mutant of mouse lymphoma and Lec15 mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are incapable of DPM synthesis. The class E mutant is defective in the DPM1 gene which encodes a mammalian homologue of(More)
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) encompasses leukemic variants (L-CTCL) such as Sézary syndrome (SS) and primarily cutaneous variants such as mycosis fungoides (MF). To clarify the relationship between these clinically disparate presentations, we studied the phenotype of T cells from L-CTCL and MF. Clonal malignant T cells from the blood of L-CTCL patients(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is used as a membrane anchor by many eukaryotic cell-surface proteins. The second step of GPI biosynthesis is de-N-acetylation of N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol (GlcNAc-PI). We have previously cloned the rat PIG-L gene by expression cloning that complemented a mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line defective in(More)
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a common transplant-related complication of stem cell transplantation. There is no safe and proven therapy for established VOD, and attempts have focused on its prevention. Limited studies have suggested that prophylactic use of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) reduced the incidence of VOD. To confirm the preventive effect(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are attached to the C-termini of many proteins, thereby acting as membrane anchors. Biosynthesis of GPI is initiated by GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GPI-GnT), which transfers N-acetylglucosamine from UDP- N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol. GPI-GnT is a uniquely complex glycosyltransferase, consisting of(More)
Cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a cancer of skin-homing T cells with variants that include leukemic CTCL (L-CTCL), a malignancy of central memory T cells (T(CM)), and mycosis fungoides (MF), a malignancy of skin resident effector memory T cells (T(EM)). We report that low-dose alemtuzumab (αCD52) effectively treated patients with refractory L-CTCL but(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the clinico-epidemiological features of pulmonary histiocytosis X in Japan. METHODS A nationwide survey was carried out in 1997 using two questionnaires. RESULTS The first questionnaire, which attempted to determine the number of patients during 1996, revealed that the number of patients treated at hospitals with 200 or more beds(More)