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Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) encompasses leukemic variants (L-CTCL) such as Sézary syndrome (SS) and primarily cutaneous variants such as mycosis fungoides (MF). To clarify the relationship between these clinically disparate presentations, we studied the phenotype of T cells from L-CTCL and MF. Clonal malignant T cells from the blood of L-CTCL patients(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are attached to the C-termini of many proteins, thereby acting as membrane anchors. Biosynthesis of GPI is initiated by GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GPI-GnT), which transfers N-acetylglucosamine from UDP- N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol. GPI-GnT is a uniquely complex glycosyltransferase, consisting of(More)
B cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of lupus. To examine the influence of B cells on disease pathogenesis in a murine lupus model, New Zealand Black and New Zealand White F(1) hybrid (NZB/W) mice were generated that were deficient for CD19 (CD19(-/-) NZB/W mice), a B cell-specific cell surface molecule that is essential for optimal B cell signal(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) acts as a membrane anchor of many cell surface proteins. Its structure and biosynthetic pathway are generally conserved among eukaryotic organisms, with a number of differences. In particular, mammalian and protozoan mannosyltransferases needed for addition of the first mannose (GPI-MT-I) have different substrate(More)
Biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol and N-glycan precursor is dependent upon a mannosyl donor, dolichol phosphate-mannose (DPM). The Thy-1negative class E mutant of mouse lymphoma and Lec15 mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are incapable of DPM synthesis. The class E mutant is defective in the DPM1 gene which encodes a mammalian homologue of(More)
Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are bound to the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Assembly of the GPI anchor precursor is a sequential addition of components to phosphatidylinositol (PI) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The first step is the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) to PI from UDP-GlcNAc to generate(More)
Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are bound to the cell membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Several genes involved in GPI anchor biosynthesis have been cloned using complementation of mutant mammalian cell lines and yeasts that are defective in its biosynthesis pathway. However, the gene involved in the second step of this pathway,(More)
We analyzed a mechanism of transcriptional regulation of the human insulin gene by cyclic AMP response element modulator (CREM) through four cyclic AMP response elements (CREs). We isolated two novel CREM isoforms (CREMDeltaQ1 and CREMDeltaQ2), which lack one of the glutamine-rich domains, Q1 and Q2 respectively, and six known isoforms (CREMtaualpha,(More)
Many cell surface proteins are anchored to the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) moiety, which is attached to the C terminus of the proteins. The core of the GPI anchor is conserved in all eukaryotes but is modified by various side chains. We cloned a mouse phosphatidylinositol glycan-class N (Pig-n) gene that encodes a 931amino acid protein(More)