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There is an increased prevalence of imprinting disorders, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, associated with human assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Work on animal models suggests that in vitro culture may be the source of these imprinting errors. However, in this study we report that, in some cases, the errors are inherited from the father. We(More)
Since the development of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the early 1990s, its application has been extended to various diseases. For pancreatic cancer, EUS-FNA can obtain specimens from the tumor itself with fewer complications than other methods. Interventional EUS enables various therapeutic options: local ablation,(More)
CONTEXT Pancreatic mesenchymal tumors are rare, accounting for only 1-2% of pancreatic tumors. A pancreatic lipoma is an especially rare condition. This is only the second report of a pancreatic lipoma diagnosed before surgery using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA). CASE REPORT A 75-year-old woman with a round(More)
Expression of the cellular adhesion protein N-cadherin is a critical event during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The SMAD4 protein has been identified as a mediator of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily signaling, which regulates EMT, but the mechanisms linking TGF-β signaling to N-cadherin expression remain unclear. When the TGF-β(More)
We have successfully demonstrated high-quality, 40-GHz, 4.5-ps, 1550-nm, passively-mode-locked pulse generation, with our original SOA-based pulse-generator scheme. 1. Introduction High-quality short-pulse optical sources with high-repetition rates are key elements for realizing ultrahigh-speed optical-communication systems that flexibly combine ultrafast(More)
AIM Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) placement is a useful but invasive method. Recently, the hemodynamic change of ultrathin transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (transnasal EGD) was reported as less than that of conventional transoral EGD (transoral EGD). This study compared hemodynamic changes between transnasal EGD and transoral EGD in the(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is treatable with steroids, but relapse is frequent. The efficacy of steroid pulse therapy has been shown for various autoimmune diseases, but has not become established therapy. In this study, we reviewed the efficacy of steroid pulse therapy in 24 subjects who were diagnosed with AIP type 1 at our hospital. Patient(More)
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is an excellent method for primary lung cancer staging. We describe a 66-year-old male who underwent EUS-FNA for the diagnosis of recurrent lung cancer. Two years after initial radiation therapy followed by complete remission, routine follow-up imaging study revealed a mass in the right hilum.(More)
Background and study aims The safety and efficacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in very elderly patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ESD for EGC in patients age 85 years and older. Patients and methods Patients who underwent ESD for EGC between September 2003(More)
The aim of this study was to review the efficacy of contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CH-EUS) in diagnosing gallbladder (GB)-protruded lesions. Thirty-eight patients underwent CH-EUS for the diagnosis of GB-protruded lesions. Twenty-four patients whose major axes of their largest lesions were longer than 10 mm were recruited. The(More)