Learn More
SUMMARY Animal studies have suggested that spontaneous or programmed ventricular beats that occur simultaneously with atrial activation may facilitate atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction during subsequent atrial impulses. However, this possibility has not been systematically studied in the human heart. In the present study the AV nodal conduction during(More)
The effect of abrupt short-to-long changes in cycle length (CL) on the postulated reentrant circuit of ventricular tachycardia (VT) was evaluated. This was performed using single and double ventricular extrastimuli in a group of 21 patients clinically suspected of having VT in whom VT could not be induced at comparable or shorter constant CLs. A second(More)
The term "linking" has been used specifically to describe the mechanism for perpetuation of functional anterograde bundle branch block: namely, repetitive transseptal retrograde concealed penetration by impulses propagating along the contralateral bundle. We present selected examples that demonstrate tht linking-type phenomena actually have a wide spectrum(More)
Orthodromic tachycardia is the most common arrhythmia in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. It is often initiated during incremental ventricular pacing that requires the onset of retrograde block along the normal pathway (that is, atrioventricular [AV] node-His-Purkinje system) with concomitant retrograde atrial activation by way of the accessory(More)
The mechanisms of aberrant conduction at the onset of induced orthodromic tachycardia in the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome were analyzed in 20 consecutive patients in whom this tachycardia was initiated by the atrial (A2) and/or right ventricular (V2) extrastimulus techniques. Of 13 patients in whom orthodromic tachycardia was induced by the A2 method,(More)
The relation between the morphologic configuration of QRS complexes during wide QRS tachycardia induced during electrophysiologic studies and sinus rhythm was examined in 18 patients who had preexisting left or right bundle branch block. Representative QRS complexes during sinus rhythm and during tachycardia were isolated from each patient and juxtaposed(More)
Misdiagnosis occurs upon initial presentation to medical attention in a considerable number of patients referred for evaluation of wide QRS tachycardia. In order to improve diagnostic accuracy (ventricular versus supraventricular tachycardia), the answers to two key bedside questions were prospectively evaluated: (1) Had the patient experienced a prior(More)
The concept that refractoriness of the His-Purkinje system (HPS) and ventricular muscle both vary directly with cycle length is based on observations during the use of constant cycle length. During abrupt changes in ventricular cycle length, refractoriness of the ventricular muscle is known to reflect the cumulative durations of preceding cycle lengths. The(More)
Of 718 patients evaluated for suspected or documented ventricular tachyarrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced in 28 (incidence 3.9%) by single and double extrastimuli. Nine of the 28 patients had suspected but no clinically documented ventricular tachycardia (VT) or VF (group 1), 11 had documented VT (group 2) and 8 had out of hospital VF(More)
The changes in refractoriness of the His-Purkinje system (HPS) and ventricular myocardium (VM) that are associated with the occurrence of postextrasystolic beats in man are unknown. Accordingly, using a pacing model of the cycle length changes created by a ventricular extrasystole-postextrasystole sequence, we measured retrograde HPS and VM relative and(More)