Reham Helwa

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beta-Catenin is a pivotal molecule of the Wnt-signalling pathway, involved in regulation of developmental and oncogenic processes as well as in intercellular adhesion. So far, beta-catenin has been thought to be regulated mainly at the protein level. Here, we provide evidence for a transcriptional mechanism of beta-catenin regulation at the invasion front(More)
Determination of the sequence of the human genome and knowledge of the genetic code have allowed rapid progress in the identification of mammalian proteins. However, far less is known about the molecular mechanisms that control expression of human genes and about the variations in gene expression that underlie many pathological states, including cancer.(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of γ-radiation alone or combined with a cytotoxic drug, simvastatin, on viability and cell cycling of a myeloma cell line. P3NS1 myeloma cells were treated with the selected dose of simvastatin (0.1 μM/l) 24 hours prior to γ-irradiation (0.25, 0.5 and 1 Gy). The cell viability, induction of(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been repeatedly shown to play important roles in liver pathologies, including hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Egypt has the highest hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rate worldwide, predominantly involving genotype-4. OBJECTIVES In this study, we attempted to characterize the miRNA profile of the poorly(More)
Chemobrain refers to a cluster of cognitive deficits which affects almost 4-75% of chemotherapy-treated cancer patients. Sunitinib, an FDA-approved multityrosine kinase inhibitor, is currently used in treating different types of tumors. Despite being regarded as targeted therapy which blunts sustained angiogenesis in cancer milieu through inhibiting(More)
Galectin-4 is a member of the galectin family which consists of 15 galactoside-binding proteins. Previously, galectin-4 has been shown to have a role in cancer progression and metastasis and it is found upregulated in many solid tumours, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, the role in the metastatic process was suggested to be via promoting cancer(More)
Two functional SNPs (SNP285G > C; rs117039649 and SNP309T > G; rs2279744) have previously been reported to modulate Sp1 transcription factor binding to the promoter of the proto-oncogene MDM2, and to influence cancer risk. Recently, a third SNP (SNP55C > T; rs2870820) was also reported to affect Sp1 binding and MDM2 transcription. In this large population(More)
Missense mutations in PIK3CA are common in breast cancers. They mostly involve exons 9 and 20 which encode kinase and helical domains of the protein and may result in its activation. PIK3CA activating mutations were previously shown to predict lower pathologic complete response (pCR) in HER2-positive breast cancer cases undergoing neoadjuvant human(More)
The ability of tumor cells to invade and metastasize is relevant to the process of cancer progression and, as such, it represents an obstacle to cancer cure. So far, limited information is available on interactions between circulating tumor cells and blood cells. It is well-documented that galectin-4 is upregulated in many types of tumor cells and is(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common type of leukemia in adults with the lowest survival rate of all the leukemias. It is a heterogeneous disease in which a variety of cytogenetic and molecular alterations have been identified. Some galectins were previously reported to have important roles in cancer-like neoplastic transformation, tumor cell(More)
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