Regis Grailhe

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Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and PARK2/Parkin mutations cause autosomal recessive forms of Parkinson's disease. Upon a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) in human cells, cytosolic Parkin has been reported to be recruited to mitochondria, which is followed by a stimulation of mitochondrial(More)
The cholinergic system is involved in arousal and in rapid eye movement sleep (REMS). To evaluate the contribution of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) to these functions, we studied with polygraphic recordings the regulation of sleep in mice lacking the beta2 subunit gene of the nAChRs, a major component of high-affinity nicotine binding sites in(More)
Knockout of the 5-HT1B gene in mice results in increased aggression, as well as alcohol and cocaine consumption. Given the clinical association of aggression, suicide, alcoholism, and substance abuse, we studied relationship of psychopathology to the human 5-HT1B receptor gene (N = 178) and postmortem human 5-HT1B receptor binding (N = 96) in the brain. The(More)
The subtypes of nicotinic receptors at which the behavioural effects of nicotine originate are not fully understood. These experiments use mice lacking the beta2 subunit of nicotinic receptors to investigate its role in nicotine discrimination and conditioned taste aversion (CTA). Wild-type and mutant mice were trained either in a two-lever nicotine(More)
In order to determine the distribution and function of the 5-HT5A serotonin receptor subtype, we generated knockout mice lacking the 5-HT5A gene. Comparative autoradiography studies of brains of wild-type (wt) and 5-HT5A knockout (5A-KO) mice revealed the existence of binding sites with high affinity for [125I]LSD that correspond to 5-HT5A receptors and(More)
Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] is a neuromodulator that mediates a wide range of physiological functions by activating multiple receptors. Using a strategy based on amino acid sequence homology between 5-HT receptors that interact with guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, we have isolated from a mouse brain library a cDNA encoding a new serotonin(More)
To study the functions of 5-HT4 receptors, a null mutation was engineered in the corresponding gene. 5-HT4 receptor knock-out mice displayed normal feeding and motor behaviors in baseline conditions but abnormal feeding and locomotor behavior in response to stress and novelty. Specifically, stress-induced hypophagia and novelty-induced exploratory activity(More)
We investigated the role played by beta2-containing neuronal nicotinic receptors [nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs)] in mediating nicotine's side effects in the fetus and newborn. Pregnant WT and mutant mice lacking the beta2 nAChR subunit were implanted with osmotic minipumps that delivered either water or a controlled dose of nicotine.(More)
We have isolated from a human genomic library the human 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT(5A) and 5-HT(5B) genes. The human 5-HT(5A) gene encodes a protein with similar characteristics to its mouse homologue. When expressed in monkey COS-7 cells, the human 5-HT(5A) receptor displayed a high affinity for tritiated 5-carbamidotryptamine ([3H]5-CT; K(D)=2.8 nM) and(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and the 5-HT3 serotonin receptor subtype belong to a superfamily of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels involved in fast synaptic communication throughout the nervous system. Their trafficking to the neuron plasmalemma, as well as their targeting to specific subcellular compartments, is critical for(More)