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Masked thresholds were measured with running- and frozen-noise maskers. The 5-kHz signal was 2 ms in duration. The masker was low-pass noise (20 Hz-10 kHz); its total duration was 300 ms. The overall level of the masker was 30, 50, or 70 dB SPL. The onset of the signal was delayed by 0, 3, 8, 18, 198, or 278 ms relative to the onset of the masker. In all(More)
The effect of the brush grafting density on the loading of 13 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) into stimuli-responsive poly(N,N-(dimethylamino ethyl) methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) brushes anchored to flat impenetrable substrates is reported. Atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is used to grow polymer brushes via a "grafting from" approach from a(More)
We have studied the oppositely charged polyelectrolyte/surfactant mixture of poly(acrylamidomethylpropanesulfonate) sodium salt (PAMPS) and tetradecyl trimethylammonium bromide (C14TAB) using a combination of neutron reflectivity and ellipsometry measurements. The interfacial composition was determined using three different analysis methods involving the(More)
The present work deals with control of the stability of ionic surfactant (tetradecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide) foam films by the addition of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes. In the two cases of low and high polyelectrolyte concentrations, a common black film is formed. This is due to an electrostatic repulsion (in the latter case, according to the(More)
Addition of surfactants to aqueous solutions of polyelectrolytes carrying an opposite charge causes the spontaneous formation of complexes in the bulk phase in certain concentration ranges. Under some conditions, compact monodisperse multichain complexes are obtained in the bulk. The size of these complexes depends on the mixing procedure and it can be(More)
A monolayer of the pH-responsive poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate-block-methyl methacrylate] diblock copolymer [PDMAEMA-PMMA] was transferred from the air/water interface to a silicon substrate for evaluation as a tunable interlayer between biological material and solid substrates. Specular neutron reflectivity experiments revealed that the weak(More)
The interaction of spherical gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) with microgels composed of chemically cross-linked poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide) is reported. Simple mixing of the two components leads to adsorption of the gold particles onto the microgels. Different loading densities can be achieved by varying the ratio of gold particles to microgel particles. The(More)
The stability of thin water films on silicon substrates coated with cationic and anionic polyelectrolytes was investigated by the thin film pressure balance technique. Depending on the surface charge of the substrate, the water films are either stable (on negatively charged wafers) or rupture rapidly (on positively charged wafers). It is supposed that this(More)
Plasmons are resonant excitations in metallic films and nanoparticles. For small enough static distances of metal nanoparticles, additional plasmon-coupled modes appear as a collective excitation between the nanoparticles. Here we show, by combining poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) micro- and nanospheres and Au nanoparticles, how to design a system that allows(More)