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BACKGROUND The brush biopsy technique is not only a seminal technique but also a critically discussed method for detection of oral pre-cancerous stages and manifest carcinomas. The gamma2 chain of laminin-5 and its proteolytic fragments comprise an invasion factor for many carcinomas. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether the(More)
The p16INK4A (CDKN2A/MTS1) putative tumor suppressor gene encodes a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor which plays an important role in the regulation of the G1/S phase cell cycle checkpoint. A high frequency of various p16 gene alterations were consequently observed in many primary tumors. P16 can be inactivated by different mechanisms: i) homozygous(More)
Telomeres, the extreme ends of chromosomes, play an important role in chromosome structure and function. The shortening of telomeres is one of the supposed mechanisms of cellular aging and death. Because of end replication problems the length of telomeres decreases with every cell cycle. This may lead to chromosome instability and additional genetic(More)
The inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene p16 plays an important role in the development of malignant tumors. p16 loss can result from point mutations, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) or methylation of the promoter region. A total of 67 samples of tumor tissue from squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, the pharynx and the larynx were analyzed for an(More)
Activating mutations within the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain identify non-small cell lung cancer patients with improved clinical response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. Recently, we identified two EGFR mutations in a cohort of 25 salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) by screening the tumour samples for the both most common hotspot(More)
AIMS Of our own patients suffering from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 96% possessed a 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced tumor fluorescence. Consequently, the ALA-induced fluorescence of OSCC is suggested as an ideal tool for selective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of the study was to demonstrate selective tumor damage and to analyze the cell(More)
Human complement factor H-related protein 4 (CFHR4) is a plasma glycoprotein which appears in two isoforms. CFHR4 is a member of the factor H protein family, and shares structural similarity and sequence homology with the other CFHR proteins and with the complement regulator factor H. Given the structural and sequence similarity, we hypothesized that(More)
Salivary gland carcinomas (SGC) are rare cancers with poor prognosis and limited response to conventional chemotherapy. New strategies based on molecular targeted therapy are needed and the EGFR signaling cascade is considered a possible key pathway for therapeutic molecules. We have analyzed 65 SGC of the main histopathological types for the expression of(More)
Telomerase activity and telomere length were analyzed in a total of 59 surgically removed primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The study includes tissue from the centre of the tumor, several different peripheral tumor areas, metastases and secondary tumors. None of the normal renal cortex tissues used as control exhibited telomerase activity. In contrast,(More)
Previous studies reported an association of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D gene polymorphism with physical performance. The study was based on the hypothesis that certain individual biomechanical muscle properties could be associated with ACE genotype and that they could influence athletes’ physical performance. Movement-independent individual(More)