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Salivary gland carcinomas (SGC) are rare cancers with poor prognosis and limited response to conventional chemotherapy. New strategies based on molecular targeted therapy are needed and the EGFR signaling cascade is considered a possible key pathway for therapeutic molecules. We have analyzed 65 SGC of the main histopathological types for the expression of(More)
Human complement factor H-related protein 4 (CFHR4) is a plasma glycoprotein which appears in two isoforms. CFHR4 is a member of the factor H protein family, and shares structural similarity and sequence homology with the other CFHR proteins and with the complement regulator factor H. Given the structural and sequence similarity, we hypothesized that(More)
The p16INK4A (CDKN2A/MTS1) putative tumor suppressor gene encodes a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor which plays an important role in the regulation of the G1/S phase cell cycle checkpoint. A high frequency of various p16 gene alterations were consequently observed in many primary tumors. P16 can be inactivated by different mechanisms: i) homozygous(More)
The inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene p16 plays an important role in the development of malignant tumors. p16 loss can result from point mutations, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) or methylation of the promoter region. A total of 67 samples of tumor tissue from squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, the pharynx and the larynx were analyzed for an(More)
Activating mutations within the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain identify non-small cell lung cancer patients with improved clinical response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. Recently, we identified two EGFR mutations in a cohort of 25 salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) by screening the tumour samples for the both most common hotspot(More)
PURPOSE Tumor cells may release DNA into circulation, which is subsequently carried as free DNA and enriched in blood and urine. The detection of tumors by microsatellite analysis of free DNA offers a possibility to establish a minimally invasive method for the detection of bladder cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We performed microsatellite analysis of free(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) have been associated with improved response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Two hotspot mutations located in exon 19 and exon 21 account for about 90% of all EGFR mutations. MATERIALS AND METHODS We designed a Bi-PASA (bidirectional(More)
Previous studies reported an association of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D gene polymorphism with physical performance. The study was based on the hypothesis that certain individual biomechanical muscle properties could be associated with ACE genotype and that they could influence athletes' physical performance. Movement-independent individual(More)
In patients with non-small cell lung cancer, mutations in the EGFR tyrosine kinase domain have been associated with improved response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib or erlotinib and prolonged survival. Two hotspot mutations located in exons 19 and 21 account for approximately 90% of EGFR mutations reported to date in lung adenocarcinoma. A(More)
We previously identified regulator of G-protein signaling 5 (RGS5) among several genes expressed by tumor-derived endothelial cells (EC). In this study, we provide the first in vivo/ex vivo evidence of RGS5 protein in the vasculature of ovarian carcinoma clinical specimens and its absence in human ovaries. Consistent with this, we show higher amounts of(More)