Regine Dahse

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The inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene p16 plays an important role in the development of malignant tumors. p16 loss can result from point mutations, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) or methylation of the promoter region. A total of 67 samples of tumor tissue from squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, the pharynx and the larynx were analyzed for an(More)
BACKGROUND The brush biopsy technique is not only a seminal technique but also a critically discussed method for detection of oral pre-cancerous stages and manifest carcinomas. The gamma2 chain of laminin-5 and its proteolytic fragments comprise an invasion factor for many carcinomas. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether the(More)
The p16INK4A (CDKN2A/MTS1) putative tumor suppressor gene encodes a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor which plays an important role in the regulation of the G1/S phase cell cycle checkpoint. A high frequency of various p16 gene alterations were consequently observed in many primary tumors. P16 can be inactivated by different mechanisms: i) homozygous(More)
Telomeres, the extreme ends of chromosomes, play an important role in chromosome structure and function. The shortening of telomeres is one of the supposed mechanisms of cellular aging and death. Because of end replication problems the length of telomeres decreases with every cell cycle. This may lead to chromosome instability and additional genetic(More)
Activating mutations within the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain identify non-small cell lung cancer patients with improved clinical response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. Recently, we identified two EGFR mutations in a cohort of 25 salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) by screening the tumour samples for the both most common hotspot(More)
In oral mucosa lesions it is frequently difficult to differentiate between precursor lesions and already manifest oral squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, multiple scalpel biopsies are necessary to detect tumor cells already in early stages and to guarantee an accurate follow-up. We analyzed oral brush biopsies (n = 49) of normal mucosa, inflammatory and(More)
AIMS Of our own patients suffering from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 96% possessed a 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced tumor fluorescence. Consequently, the ALA-induced fluorescence of OSCC is suggested as an ideal tool for selective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of the study was to demonstrate selective tumor damage and to analyze the cell(More)
The extracellular matrix component fibronectin (fn) has fundamental functions in cell attachment, differentiation, proliferation, and migration. Isoforms of cellular fibronectin, named EDA+ fibronectin or embryonal EDB+ fibronectin, are generated by alternative splicing of its mRNA precursors. Little is known about the expression of EDA+ and EDB+(More)
Oral cytology has aroused new interest caused by introduction of the cytobrush as a sampling device and the use of additional analytical methods. By brushing it is possible to reach deeper layers of the oral mucosa where squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (SIN) begins. The biological potential of the oral epithelial cells obtained can be evaluated by the(More)