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1. Spectral sensitivity measurements using the suction electrode technique reveal three types of cone in the retina of the tiger salamander, showing maximum sensitivity at wavelengths 610 nm (red-sensitive cone), 444 nm (blue-sensitive cone) and below 400 nm (UV-sensitive cone). 2. The absolute sensitivities of red- and blue-sensitive cones to flashes of… (More)
Calcium is transported across the surface membrane of both nerve and muscle by a Na+-dependent mechanism, usually termed the Na:Ca exchange. It is well established from experiments on rod outer segments that one net positive charge enters the cell for every Ca2+ ion extruded by the exchange, which is generally interpreted to imply an exchange stoichiometry… (More)
1. Membrane currents caused by the operation of electrogenic Na(+)-Ca2+,K+ exchange were recorded from isolated rod outer segments under voltage-clamp using a whole-cell electrode. 2. Reversed mode exchange currents (Na+i-Ca2+o,K+o) were recorded with a high internal [Na+] and when both Ca2+ and K+ were present in the external solution. Omission of either… (More)
Executive Summary American and European studies use modem computer codes with processed evaluated nuclear data to predict physics parameters for thermal reactors. The quality ofprediction is checked by studying benchmark experiments. Various analyses have highlighted the need to increase resonance capture cross sections for U235 in JEF2.2 (European) and… (More)
—In this paper, an innovative educational approach to introducing undergraduates to both digital signal processing (DSP) and field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based design in a one-semester course and laboratory is described. While both DSP and FPGA-based courses are currently present in different curricula, this integrated approach reduces the number of… (More)
The ionic stoichiometry of the major Ca2+ transport mechanisms in neurons is still a matter for debate. The past year has seen some particularly interesting developments in this field, not least the finding that the neuronal Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange may be able to transport K+.