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—The paper describes a novel algorithm for timely sensor data retrieval in resource-poor environments under freshness constraints. Consider a civil unrest, national security, or disaster management scenario, where a dynamic situation evolves and a decision-maker must decide on a course of action in view of latest data. Since the situation changes, so is the(More)
The paper considers the challenge of maximizing the quality of information collected to meet decision needs of real-time Internet-of-Things applications. A novel scheduling model is proposed, where applications need multiple data items to make decisions, and where individual data items can be captured at different levels of quality. We assume the existence(More)
We develop data retrieval algorithms for crowd-sensing applications that reduce the underlying network bandwidth consumption or any additive cost metric by exploiting logical dependencies among data items, while maintaining the level of service to the client applications. Crowd sensing applications refer to those where local measurements are performed by(More)
This paper addresses the practical challenge of improving existing, operational translation systems with relatively weak, black-box MT engines when higher quality MT engines are not available and only a limited quantity of online resources is available. Recent research results show impressive performance gains in translating between Indo-European languages(More)
Progress in the Machine Translation (MT) research community, particularly for statistical approaches, is intensely data-driven. Acquiring source language documents for testing, creating training datasets for customized MT lexicons, and building parallel corpora for MT evaluation require translators and non-native speaking analysts to handle large document(More)
Commercial off-the-shelf machine translation engines and translation support tools, such as translation memory (TM), have been developed primarily for translating grammatically well-formed, edited text. The real-world, foreign language (FL) document collections that our translators work with consist instead of noisy and complex image files. We are currently(More)
The Internet of Things heralds a new generation of data-centric applications, where controllers connect to large numbers of heterogeneous sensing devices. We consider a model, where the control loop does not execute periodically. Instead, controllers are prompted by contextual cues to make one-off decisions, resulting in sporadic activations. Since the need(More)
This paper introduces a novel paradigm for resource management in distributed systems, called decision-driven execution. The paradigm is appropriate for mission-driven systems, where the goal is to enable faster, leaner, and more effective decision making. All resource consumption, in this paradigm, is tied to the needs of making decisions on alternative(More)
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