Regina Politi

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Amyloid fiber formation is a specific form of protein aggregation, often resulting from the misfolding of native proteins. Aimed at modeling the crowded environment of the cell, recent experiments showed a reduction in fibrillation halftimes for amyloid-forming peptides in the presence of cosolutes that are preferentially excluded from proteins and(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a ubiquitous second messenger protein that regulates a variety of structurally and functionally diverse targets in response to changes in Ca(2+) concentration. CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and calcineurin (CaN) are the prominent CaM targets that play an opposing role in many cellular functions including synaptic regulation.(More)
BACKGROUND Humans are exposed to thousands of man-made chemicals in the environment. Some chemicals mimic natural endocrine hormones and, thus, have the potential to be endocrine disruptors. Most of these chemicals have never been tested for their ability to interact with the estrogen receptor (ER). Risk assessors need tools to prioritize chemicals for(More)
Using molecular dynamics simulations, we study the effect of polyalcohols on water structuring in concentrated solutions, comparing six different polyols that vary in the number of hydroxyl groups and internal structure. For all polyols, we find that the hydrogen bond network order, as assessed by changes in the tetrahedral order parameter, is distorted in(More)
The ability to determine which environmental chemicals pose the greatest potential threats to human health remains one of the major concerns in regulatory toxicology. Computational methods that can accurately predict a chemical's toxic potential in silico are increasingly sought-after to replace in vitro high-throughput screening (HTS) as well as(More)
It has been reported that quercetin is an activator of rat vitamin D receptor (rVDR). However, the conclusion was based on experiments performed without all the appropriate control groups, raising the possibility of a false-positive finding. Furthermore, distinct differences exist in the chemical structures of quercetin and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, which(More)
The CSAR 2014 exercise provided an important benchmark for testing current approaches for pose identification and ligand ranking using three X-ray characterized proteins: Factor Xa (FXa), Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (SYK), and tRNA Methyltransferase (TRMD). In Phase 1 of the exercise, we employed Glide and MedusaDock docking software, both individually and in(More)
As part of the CSAR 2013 benchmark exercise, we have implemented a hybrid docking and scoring workflow to rank 10 steroid ligands of an engineered digoxigenin-binding protein. Schrödinger's Glide docking software was used to generate poses for each steroid ligand and rank them according to both standard docking precision (SP) and extra docking precision(More)
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