Regina Leber

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Storage and degradation of triglycerides are essential processes to ensure energy homeostasis and availability of precursors for membrane lipid synthesis. Recent evidence suggests that an emerging class of enzymes containing a conserved patatin domain are centrally important players in lipid degradation. Here we describe the identification and(More)
The mitochondrial dimeric phospholipid cardiolipin is characterized by a high degree of unsaturation of its acyl chains, which is important for its functional interaction with mitochondrial enzymes. The unusual fatty acid composition of cardiolipin molecular species emerges from a de novo synthesized "premature" species by extensive acyl chain remodeling(More)
Lipid particles of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were isolated to high purity and their components were analysed. The hydrophobic core of this organelle consists of triacylglycerols and steryl esters, which are almost exclusively located to that compartment. Lipid particles are stabilized by a surface membrane consisting of phospholipids and(More)
The gene product of XRCC4 has been implicated in both V(D)J recombination and the more general process of double strand break repair (DSBR). To date its role in these processes is unknown. Here, we describe biochemical characteristics of the murine XRCC4 protein. XRCC4 expressed in insect cells exists primarily as a disulfide-linked homodimer, although it(More)
Squalene epoxidase, encoded by the ERG1 gene in yeast, is a key enzyme of sterol biosynthesis. Analysis of subcellular fractions revealed that squalene epoxidase was present in the microsomal fraction (30,000 x g) and also cofractionated with lipid particles. A dual localization of Erg1p was confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy. On the basis of the(More)
Monoacylglycerols (MAGs) are short-lived intermediates of glycerolipid metabolism. Specific molecular species, such as 2-arachidonoylglycerol, which is a potent activator of cannabinoid receptors, may also function as lipid signaling molecules. In mammals, enzymes hydrolyzing MAG to glycerol and fatty acids, resembling the final step in lipolysis, or(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, three enzymes of the sterol biosynthetic pathway, namely Erg1p, Erg6p and Erg7p, are located in lipid particles. Whereas Erg1p (squalene epoxidase) is also present in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to a significant amount, only traces of Erg6p (sterol C-24 methyltransferase) and Erg7p (lanosterol synthase) are found in(More)
Squalene epoxidase is an essential enzyme in the ergosterol-biosynthesis pathway. It catalyzes the epoxidation of squalene to 2,3-oxidosqualene and is the specific target of the antifungal drug terbinafine. Treatment of yeast cells with this inhibitor leads to squalene accumulation and sterol depletion. As ergosterol fulfils several essential functions,(More)
Fatty acyl esters of the yeast specific sterol, ergosterol, are exclusively stored in lipid particles. Under conditions of sterol deficiency, e.g., in the presence of terbinafine, an inhibitor of fungal squalene epoxidase, steryl esters are hydrolyzed, and sterols are set free for membrane formation. Lipid particles do not contain steryl-ester hydrolase(More)
Ten mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae resistant to the antimycotic terbinafine were isolated after chemical or UV mutagenesis. Molecular analysis of these mutants revealed single base pair exchanges in the ERG1 gene coding for squalene epoxidase, the target of terbinafine. The mutants did not show cross-resistance to any of the substrates of(More)