Regina L W Messer

Learn More
UNLABELLED Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) reduces thioredoxin (Trx), thereby contributing to cellular redox balance, facilitating the synthesis of deoxy-ribose sugars for DNA synthesis, and regulating redox-sensitive gene expression. Auranofin is a gold compound that potently inhibits TrxR. This inhibition is one suspected mechanism of auranofin's therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVES Blue light of high intensity is commonly used in dentistry to activate polymerization of resin restorative materials. Other than its effects on the retina, the biological effects of blue light (380-500nm wavelengths) are poorly studied. Limited evidence suggests that blue light acts by forming intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that then(More)
BACKGROUND In healthy periodontal tissue, innate immune responses effectively confine and suppress a bacterial insult. However, a disruption of the host-bacterial equilibrium may produce an overexpression of cytokines and lead to permanent, host-mediated tissue damage. Although such periodontal destruction primarily results from activated immune mechanisms,(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The biocompatibility of new dental ceramics has not been assessed with the same scrutiny as has been applied to alloys and composites. Yet, the biocompatibility of ceramics is critical to the long-term success of dental prostheses because ceramics are in close contact with oral tissues for extended periods. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five(More)
The use of hydrophilic dental monomers in dentin bonding agents has vastly improved resin-dentin bond strengths, but incomplete polymerization of these monomers and their leaching into adjacent (pulpal) oral tissues has raised concerns about their biocompatibility. The sublethal effects of these resins are virtually unknown, but their electrophilic nature(More)
The objective of this study was to quantify the ability of sublethal concentrations of several gold compounds to differentially modulate the monocytic secretion of key cytokines that are important in the etiology of rheumatic diseases. Human THP1 monocytic cells were exposed to the anti-rheumatic drugs auranofin (AF), gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM) or HAuCl4(More)
Blue light from dental photopolymerization devices has significant biological effects on cells. These effects may alter normal cell function of tissues exposed during placement of oral restorations, but recent data suggest that some light-induced effects may also be therapeutically useful, for example in the treatment of epithelial cancers. Reactive oxygen(More)
UNLABELLED Monosodium titanate (MST) particles effectively bind specific metals and are therefore promising compounds for delivery or sequestration of metals in biological contexts. Yet, the biological properties of MST are largely unexplored. Our previous study showed that the cytotoxicity of these compounds was mild, but the nature of the dose response(More)
Alloys used as implant materials release metal ions to surrounding tissues. Cytotoxic substances attack at the molecular level, and these effects are reflected in the structure of the cells and organelles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular morphology and ultrastructural changes of cultured human gingival fibroblasts to salt solutions(More)
OBJECTIVE Nickel-based alloys have been in use since the 1930s; however, there are concerns regarding the biocompatibility of the metallic ions released from these alloys to surrounding tissues. The objective of this study was to better understand nickel-based alloy cytotoxicity as well as determine if multiple ion salt solutions can be used to model the(More)