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OBJECTIVES Blue light of high intensity is commonly used in dentistry to activate polymerization of resin restorative materials. Other than its effects on the retina, the biological effects of blue light (380-500nm wavelengths) are poorly studied. Limited evidence suggests that blue light acts by forming intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that then(More)
The objective of this study was to quantify the ability of sublethal concentrations of several gold compounds to differentially modulate the monocytic secretion of key cytokines that are important in the etiology of rheumatic diseases. Human THP1 monocytic cells were exposed to the anti-rheumatic drugs auranofin (AF), gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM) or HAuCl4(More)
UNLABELLED Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) reduces thioredoxin (Trx), thereby contributing to cellular redox balance, facilitating the synthesis of deoxy-ribose sugars for DNA synthesis, and regulating redox-sensitive gene expression. Auranofin is a gold compound that potently inhibits TrxR. This inhibition is one suspected mechanism of auranofin's therapeutic(More)
The use of hydrophilic dental monomers in dentin bonding agents has vastly improved resin-dentin bond strengths, but incomplete polymerization of these monomers and their leaching into adjacent (pulpal) oral tissues has raised concerns about their biocompatibility. The sublethal effects of these resins are virtually unknown, but their electrophilic nature(More)
Blue light (lambda = 380-500 nm) historically has been used to initiate polymerization of biomaterials and recently has been proposed as a therapeutic agent. New evidence suggests that cell-type-specific responses result from redox changes induced by exposure to blue light. Cultured cells were exposed to defined doses of blue light, equivalent to exposure(More)
OBJECTIVE This in vitro study compared the cytotoxicity and osteogenic potential of an experimental calcium silicate-based sealer with an epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus; Dentsply Caulk, Milford, DE) and a zinc oxide-eugenol-based sealer (Pulp Canal Sealer; SybronEndo, Orange, CA). METHODS Disks prepared from the respective sealer and from Teflon(More)
OBJECTIVES Nickel-based dental alloys have been in use since 1930. However, there are concerns regarding the release of metal ions from these alloys to surrounding tissues. Cell culture evaluations can be used to address these concerns and to develop a biocompatibility model by providing a more basic understanding of the metabolic response to individual(More)
Most cellular functions evaluated for biocompatibility are high-energy processes such as proliferation and therefore are not usually affected before a decrease in energy production is observed. Several studies have shown that metabolic functions are altered at much lower concentrations than several normally used biocompatibility tests such as viability.(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The biocompatibility of new dental ceramics has not been assessed with the same scrutiny as has been applied to alloys and composites. Yet, the biocompatibility of ceramics is critical to the long-term success of dental prostheses because ceramics are in close contact with oral tissues for extended periods. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five(More)
Many transition metals have been viewed collectively as nonspecific biological toxins in cells, which has limited investigation into their possible therapeutic effects. In the current study, the effects of Au(III), Ni(II), and Pd(II) on the differential secretion of cytokines from monocytes has been investigated. This is critical to understanding any(More)