Regina Engelhardt

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BACKGROUND Probiotics are proposed to positively modulate the intestinal epithelial barrier formed by intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and intercellular junctions. Disruption of this border alters paracellular permeability and is a key mechanism for the development of enteric infections and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL(More)
We investigated the role of the Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) on intestinal salt and water absorption, brush border membrane (BBM) morphology, and on the NHE3 mRNA expression, protein abundance, and transport activity in the murine intestine. NHERF1-deficient mice displayed reduced jejunal fluid absorption in vivo, as well as an attenuated(More)
The mixing of gastric and pancreatic juice subjects the jejunum to unique ionic conditions with high luminal CO2 tension and HCO3 − concentration. We investigated the role of the small intestinal apical anion exchangers PAT-1 (Slc26a6) and DRA (Slc26a3) in basal and CO2/HCO3 −-stimulated jejunal fluid absorption. Single pass perfusion of jejunal segments(More)
Increased dietary fructose in rodents recapitulates many aspects of the Metabolic Syndrome with hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Here we show that fructose increased jejunal NaCl and water absorption which was significantly decreased in mice whose apical chloride/base exchanger Slc26a6 (PAT1, CFEX) was knocked out. Increased dietary(More)
CFTR has been recognized to function as both an anion channel and a key regulator of Slc26 anion transporters in heterologous expression systems. Whether this regulatory relationship between CFTR and Slc26 transporters is seen in native intestine, and whether this effect is coupled to CFTR transport function or other features of this protein, has not been(More)
Na-K-2Cl cotransporter-1 (NKCC) has been detected at exceptionally high levels in the gastric mucosa of several species, prompting speculation that it plays important roles in gastric secretion. To investigate this possibility, we 1) immunolocalized NKCC protein in the mouse gastric mucosa, 2) compared the volume and composition of gastric fluid from(More)
PEPT1 function in mouse intestine has not been assessed by means of electrophysiology and methods to assess its role in intracellular pH and fluid homeostasis. Therefore, the effects of the dipeptide glycilsarcosin (Gly-Sar) on jejunal fluid absorption and villous enterocyte intracellular pH (pH(i)) in vivo, as well as on enterocyte[(14)C]Gly-Sar uptake,(More)
The duodenal villus brush border membrane expresses several ion transporters and/or channels, including the solute carrier 26 anion transporters Slc26a3 (DRA) and Slc26a6 (PAT-1), the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3), as well as the anion channels cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and Slc26a9. Using genetically engineered mouse(More)
PAT1 (Slc26a6) is located on the apical membrane of the small intestinal villi, but its role for salt absorption has not been studied. To ascertain the role of Slc26a6 in jejunal sodium and chloride absorption, and its interplay with NHE3, muscle-stripped jejuna from Slc26a6+/+ and −/− and NHE3 +/+ and −/− mice were mounted in Ussing chambers and electrical(More)
OBJECTIVES A common potentially fatal disease of the pancreas is acute pancreatitis, for which there is no treatment. Most studies of this disorder focus on the damage to acinar cells since they are assumed to be the primary target of multiple stressors affecting the pancreas. However, increasing evidence suggests that the ducts may also have a crucial role(More)