Regina D Crawford

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Experimental febrile seizures can be evoked in epileptic chicks by elevation of their body temperature. Both competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists [(3-(+/- )2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP), DL-2-amino-7-phosphosphonoheptanoic acid (APH), DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), D-alpha-aminoadipic acid (AAA),(More)
The anticonvulsant activity of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) has been determined against seizures induced in epileptic chickens by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) and in epileptic and nonepileptic chickens by Metrazol. Intravenous administration of the drug reduced both the severity and incidence of seizures evoked by IPS in epileptic(More)
The epileptic chicken is a genetic model of generalized epilepsy in which epilepsy is combined with megalencephaly. We have performed a morphometric study of the brains of adult epileptic hens, using heterozygous carrier hens as controls. There is no obvious disorder of cell form or of architectural arrangement in the megalencephalic brains. We have found(More)
The high seizure susceptibility in epileptic chickens is due to an autosomal recessive mutation. In 3-day-old chicks homozygous for the epilepsy gene (epileptics), elevation of body temperature using microwave diathermy evoked an initial febrile seizure resembling the clonic seizures evoked in epileptic chicks by photic stimulation. After complete recovery,(More)
Intravenous administration of beta-carboline-3-carboxylate methyl ester (beta-CCM) produced convulsions at small doses (0.03 mg/kg) in adult chickens, homozygous for the epileptic gene. Nonepileptic heterozygote hatchmates (carriers) did not undergo seizures at doses of 1 mg/kg, and doses of 3-5 mg/kg produced only brief myoclonic responses. The convulsant(More)
In genetically-photosensitive epileptic chickens, the anti-parasitic agent ivermectin, at 1.0 and 5.0 mg/kg, decreased or prevented seizures induced by intermittent photic stimulation without any side-effects on the central nervous system. The latency and duration of this anti-convulsant effect was dose-dependent. When combined with diazepam, ivermectin(More)
The onset and regression of abdominal motor blockade was monitored with integrated electromyography in eighteen patients undergoing pelvic or lower abdominal surgery during lumbar epidural anesthesia using 0.75% bupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine. The integrated electromyograph (EMG) was measured at the T-6, T-8, T-10 and T-12 dermatomes during a(More)
INTRODUCTION Vasculopathy of the large vessels commonly occurs in sickle cell disease, and as a result cerebral infarction is a well characterized complication of this condition. However, spinal infarction appears to be rare. Spinal infarct is infrequent in the non-sickle cell population as well, and accounts for only about 1 percent of all central nervous(More)
The ability of excitatory amino acid receptor agonists, AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) and quisqualate to produce seizures was determined in 1-2 day old epileptic and non-epileptic (carrier) chicks. Both compounds produced prolonged clonic seizures in epileptic chicks at doses which were not convulsant in carrier chicks.(More)