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BACKGROUND The efficacy of prophylaxis against stress ulcers in preventing gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients has led to its widespread use. The side effects and cost of prophylaxis, however, necessitate targeting preventive therapy to those patients most likely to benefit. METHODS We conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study in(More)
BACKGROUND Critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation are at increased risk for gastrointestinal bleeding from stress ulcers. There are conflicting data on the effect of histamine H2-receptor antagonists and the cytoprotective agent sucralfate on rates of gastrointestinal bleeding, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and mortality. METHODS In(More)
PURPOSE Time to progression (TTP), overall survival, and quality of life (QL) were compared in patients with hormone-resistant prostate cancer (HRPC) treated with prednisone (5 mg orally, four times a day) or flutamide (250 mg orally, three times a day). PATIENTS AND METHODS Symptomatic patients were randomized to receive either prednisone (101 patients)(More)
Chromosome 6 is a metacentric chromosome that constitutes about 6% of the human genome. The finished sequence comprises 166,880,988 base pairs, representing the largest chromosome sequenced so far. The entire sequence has been subjected to high-quality manual annotation, resulting in the evidence-supported identification of 1,557 genes and 633 pseudogenes.(More)
Epidermal growth factor is found in high concentrations in urine, and its receptor (EGFr) has been identified in certain bladder tumors. This study was performed to determine whether receptor positivity in the tumor was associated with a poor clinical outcome. One hundred one patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer were studied prospectively by(More)
Quality of life (QoL) is now commonly studied in prostate cancer. However, little is known about the appropriateness of the various QoL instruments in this group of patients. The purpose of this work was to study the baseline QoL assessment of patients with prostate cancer who were randomised into three EORTC phase III studies. The three trials included(More)
The effects of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, synthetic decapeptide luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone-releasing hormone (LH/FSH-RH), have been studied in 18 normal men and five women in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle. Rapid and dose-dependent (25 to 100 mug) increases in serum immunoreactive LH were seen, which reached a(More)
A famous surgeon observed that the most important instrument for the management of superficial bladder cancer was a typewriter because it facilitated the organisation of the regular follow up examinations that are so important in controlling this disease. Cystoscopic follow up must be lifelong, and the cost, in the broadest sense, to both patient and health(More)