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Fasting serum glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and fructosamine concentrations were determined in 304 consecutive subjects admitted with acute stroke, within 48 hours of ictus. Based on the medical history and these results, subjects were divided into known diabetics, newly diagnosed diabetics, subjects with stress hyperglycemia, and nondiabetics. The type(More)
Three cases of a painful, inflammatory, nodular myopathy in young and middle-aged adult males are described. In two of the cases the nodular process gradually evolved into a diffuse proximal myopathy accompanied by dysphagia, and manifesting the so-called "facioscapulohumeral syndrome". The electromyogram (EMG) in all three cases was "myopathic" in type and(More)
Ten patients with intracranial tuberculomata which developed during treatment for tuberculosis are described. The initial infection was meningeal in five, miliary in three and pulmonary in two and all improved after treatment was started. However 10 days to five months (mean two months) after the start of treatment, new neurological symptoms and/or signs(More)
[125I]Bolton Hunter conjugate of substance P ([125I]BHSP) can bind to human astrocytoma membranes in a monophasic and saturable manner with a Kd of 0.57 +/- 0.17 nM and a Bmax of 67.8 +/- 5.5 fmol/mg protein. The rank order of potency of tachykinins and related analogues as inhibitors of [125I]BHSP binding to astrocytoma membranes and intact cells(More)
We studied serum lipid profiles in 171 patients less than or equal to 48 hours after the onset of acute stroke and 3 months later. The 83 patients suffering cerebral infarction had significantly higher serum concentrations of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B and significantly lower serum concentrations of(More)
We analyzed the serum concentrations of lipids and lipoproteins and the prevalence of other risk factors in a case-control study of 304 consecutive Chinese patients with acute stroke (classified as cerebral infarction, lacunar infarction, or intracerebral hemorrhage) and 304 age- and sex-matched controls. For all strokes we identified the following risk(More)
Tuberculostearic acid, a structural component of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 13 patients with proven and 8 out of 9 patients with suspected tuberculous meningitis; the negative result was in a patient whose symptoms and CSF abnormalities may(More)
A study was undertaken to identify factors of prognostic importance for 199 Chinese children with tuberculous meningitis treated in Hong Kong between 1961 and 1984 inclusive. During the period under study rifampicin and then pyrazinamide were introduced into treatment regimens and intrathecal therapy was abandoned. An analysis of pretreatment(More)
A therapeutic strategy was designed to eliminate the humoral immune response to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in ongoing experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG). Rats with EAMG were treated with a protocol consisting of three components: (1) A single high dose of cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg) was used to produce a rapid and sustained fall in the(More)
The Shatin Stroke Registry is a prospective study of all patients admitted with acute stroke to a general hospital in Hong Kong where the population is predominantly Chinese. Each patient was examined by a neurologist and 95.5% of the patients had a brain CT. Of 777 patients included in the study, 44.0% had a cortical/subcortical infarct, 18.5% a(More)