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The floor plate is a set of epithelial cells present in the ventral midline of the neural tube in vertebrates that seems to have an important role in the developmental patterning of central nervous system fibre pathways, and arrangements of specific neurons. The floor plate arises from dorsal ectodermal cells closely associated with the mesoderm that forms(More)
HOX genes specify cell fate in the anterior-posterior axis of animal embryos. Invertebrate chordates have one HOX cluster, but mammals have four, suggesting that cluster duplication facilitated the evolution of vertebrate body plans. This report shows that zebrafish have seven hox clusters. Phylogenetic analysis and genetic mapping suggest a chromosome(More)
Dorsal mesoderm is thought to provide important signals for axis formation and neural differentiation in vertebrate embryos. We have examined induction and patterning in a zebrafish mutant, no tail, that lacks a derivative of dorsal mesoderm, the notochord. Despite the absence of a differentiated notochord, development of the central nervous system(More)
Transcription factors of the STAT family are required for cellular responses to multiple signaling molecules. After ligand binding-induced activation of cognate receptors, STAT proteins are phosphorylated, hetero- or homodimerize, and translocate to the nucleus. Subsequent STAT binding to specific DNA elements in the promoters of signal-responsive genes(More)
During embryonic development, muscles differentiate in the appropriate places and motoneurone growth cones find the appropriate muscles; both events occur concurrently and with remarkable specificity. What are the cellular interactions that orchestrate this coordinated development of nerve and muscle? In the development of vertebrate skeletal muscles,(More)
The early lineages of the zebrafish are indeterminate and a single cell labeled before the late blastula period will contribute progeny to a variety of tissues. Therefore, early cell lineages in the zebrafish do not establish future cell fates and early blastomeres must necessarily remain pluripotent. Eventually, after a period of random cell mixing,(More)
Segmental tissues of glossiphoniid leeches arise from rostrocaudally arrayed columns (bandlets) of segmental founder cells (primary m, n, o, p, and q blast cells) which undergo stereotyped sublineages to generate identifiable subsets of definitive progeny. The bandlets lie at the surface of the embryo beneath the squamous epithelium of a transient embryonic(More)
Much is known about the development of nerve pathways in the metathoracic limb bud of the grasshopper embryo. In this series of three papers, we report on the development of muscles in the same embryonic appendage. In a fourth paper (E. E. Ball, R. K. Ho, and C. S. Goodman, 1985, J. Neurosci, in press) we examine the development of specific neuromuscular(More)