Reetta Holma

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AIM To investigate whether high-fat-feeding is associated with increased intestinal permeability via alterations in bile acid metabolism. METHODS Male C57Bl/6J mice were fed on a high-fat (n = 26) or low-fat diet (n = 24) for 15 wk. Intestinal permeability was measured from duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon in an Ussing chamber system using 4 kDa(More)
A high serum concentration of enterolactone, an enterolignan produced by colonic microbiota from precursors in cereals, vegetables, and fruits, is associated with reduced risk of acute coronary events. Probiotics and prebiotics modify colonic metabolism and may affect the serum enterolactone concentration. The effects of a probiotic mixture alone and with(More)
Gastrointestinal toxicity is the most common adverse effect of chemotherapy. Chemotherapeutic drugs damage the intestinal mucosa and increase intestinal permeability. Intestinal permeability is one of the key markers of gastrointestinal function and measuring intestinal permeability could serve as a useful tool for assessing the severity of(More)
We compared colonic methanogenesis in vivo and in vitro as well as fecal pH in healthy subjects and in patients with resected colorectal cancer thus without the possible confounding effects of the tumor. A total of 144 subjects, 96 with resected colorectal cancer (of whom, 48 were with metastatic disease), 48 healthy subjects with intact colon, were(More)
Impairment of gut barrier is associated with a fat-rich diet, but mechanisms are unknown. We have earlier shown that dietary fat modifies fecal bile acids in mice, decreasing the proportion of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) vs. deoxycholic acid (DCA). To clarify the potential role of bile acids in fat-induced barrier dysfunction, we here investigated how(More)
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) is involved in pain modulation, especially plasticity during inflammatory and neuropathic pain, and opiate interactions. Its nociceptive functions may be mediated by the NPFF2 receptor. To elucidate the role of the NPFF system in plasticity associated with pathologic pain, we studied the changes of NPFF mRNA and NPFF2 receptor mRNA in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain LC705 and Propionibacterium freudenreichii ssp shermanii strain JS in capsules on serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels in mildly or moderately hypercholesterolemic men. METHODS Thirty-eight basically healthy men, mean age 42 years (range(More)
There is increasing scientific and commercial interest in using beneficial microorganisms (i.e., probiotics) to enhance intestinal health. Of the numerous microbial strains examined, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG has been most extensively studied. Daily intake of L. rhamnosus GG shortens the course of rotavirus infection by mechanisms that have not been fully(More)
GOALS To investigate the association of colonic methane, formed by methanogenic achaea, and pH with gastrointestinal symptoms during colorectal cancer chemotherapy. BACKGROUND Adjuvant 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy reduces recurrences in colorectal cancer, but causes severe gastrointestinal toxicity, partly related to disturbed intestinal microbiota. (More)
Rye bread and lactobacilli modify the colonic environment and have the potential to relieve constipation and could be a safe and convenient alternative to laxatives. The effects of rye bread and cultured buttermilk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on bowel function and colon metabolism were investigated and compared with laxatives in 51 constipated(More)