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Four (R)-specific enoyl CoA hydratases (PhaJ) interconnect the β-oxidation pathway with PHA biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The use of antisense technique and over-expression to delineate the role of two of these enzymes, PhaJ1 and PhaJ4 forms the basis of this study. It has been observed that P. aeruginosa recombinant with phaJ1 antisense(More)
This study demonstrates the use of a mannitol rich ensiled grass press juice (EGPJ) as a renewable carbon substrate for polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production in shaking flask experiments and fed-batch stirred tank reactor cultivations. Fed-batch cultivations of Burkholderia sacchari IPT101 using EGPJ as sole carbon source produced 44.5 g/L CDW containing(More)
A promising method for reducing membrane fouling during crossflow microfiltration of biological suspensions is backpulsing. Very short backpulses (0.1-1.0 s) have been used to increase the net flux for washed bacterial suspensions and whole bacterial fermentation broths. The net fluxes under optimum backpulsing conditions for the washed bacteria are(More)
A two step biological process for the conversion of grass biomass to the biodegradable polymer medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) was achieved through the use of anaerobic and aerobic microbial processes. Anaerobic digestion (mixed culture) of ensiled grass was achieved with a recirculated leach bed bioreactor resulting in the production of(More)
Expression of Pseudomonas aeruginosa genes PHA synthase1 (phaC1) and (R)-specific enoyl CoA hydratase1 (phaJ1) under a lacZ promoter was able to support production of a copolymer of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and medium chain length polyhydoxyalkanoates (mcl-PHA) in Escherichia coli. In order to improve the yield and quality of PHA, plasmid bearing the above(More)
Rhizobium meliloti produced a copolymer of short chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (scl-PHA) on sucrose and rice bran oil as carbon substrates. Recombinant Escherichia coli (JC7623ABC1J4), bearing PHA synthesis genes, was used to synthesize short chain length-co-medium chain length PHA (scl-co-mcl-PHA) on glucose and decanoic acid. Fourier transform(More)
Recent developments in biocatalysis, where implementation beyond the laboratory has been demonstrated, are explored: the use of transglutaminases to modify foods, reduce allergenicity and produce advanced materials, lipases for biodiesel production, and transaminases for biochemical production. The availability and application of enzymes at pilot and larger(More)
High Cell Density (HCD) cultivation of bacteria is essential for the majority of industrial processes to achieve high volumetric productivity (g L(-1) h(-1) ) of a bioproduct of interest. This study developed a fed batch bioprocess using glucose as sole carbon and energy source for the HCD of the well described biocatalyst Pseudomonas putida KT2440 without(More)
This study investigated the potential of grass biomass as a feedstock for mcl-PHA production. Pretreatments (2% NaOH at 120°C or hot water at 120°C) of perennial ryegrass were employed alone or in combination with sodium chlorite/acetic acid (SC/AA) delignification to evaluate the enzymatic digestibility and subsequent utilization of resultant sugars by(More)
A mathematically based fed-batch bioprocess demonstrated the suitability of using a relatively cheap and renewable substrate (butyric acid) for Pseudomonas putida CA-3 high cell density cultivation. Butyric acid fine-tuned addition is critical to extend the fermentation run and avoid oxygen consumption while maximising the biomass volumetric productivity. A(More)